Serum levels of TUBB3 correlate with clinical outcome in Chinese patients with advanced gastric cancer receiving first-line paclitaxel plus capecitabine.
ABSTRACT The overexpression of β-tubulin III (TUBB3) in tumor tissues was reversely related with the efficacy of paclitaxel and clinical outcome in different cancers. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between serum levels of TUBB3 and clinical outcome in advanced gastric cancer patients receiving first-line paclitaxel plus capecitabine. One hundred and twenty-eight advanced gastric cancer patients receiving first-line paclitaxel plus capecitabine in Peking University Cancer Hospital from December 2006 to October 2010 were enrolled in the study. Serum samples from 32 healthy individuals were used as controls. TUBB3 expression level in advanced gastric cancer was significantly higher than that in healthy control group (31.6 ± 17.8 ng/mL vs. 16.9 ± 3.8 ng/mL, p < 0.001). For all patients, the clinical benefit rate (CBR), median progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were 55.6 %, 179 and 306 days, respectively. The CBR, median PFS, and OS in patients with low (n = 27) and high levels (n = 101) of TUBB3 were 95.8 %/45.1 % (low vs. high, p < 0.001), 190 days/166 days (p = 0.064), and 360 days/297 days (p = 0.023), respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the serum levels of TUBB3 were an independent prognostic factor for advanced gastric cancer patients (HR = 1.950; 95 % CI, 1.242-3.062; p = 0.004). This study indicated that low levels of TUBB3 in serum could predict better response and survival for advanced gastric cancer patients receiving paclitaxel plus capecitabine, which could be used to select patients who would benefit from this regimen.
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ABSTRACT: This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer. Randomized phase II and III clinical trials on first-line chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer were identified by electronic searches of Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and Cancerlit; hand searches of relevant abstract books and reference lists; and contact to experts. Meta-analysis was performed using the fixed-effect model. Overall survival, reported as hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI, was the primary outcome measure. Analysis of chemotherapy versus best supportive care (HR = 0.39; 95% CI, 0.28 to 0.52) and combination versus single agent, mainly fluorouracil (FU) -based chemotherapy (HR = 0.83; 95% CI = 0.74 to 0.93) showed significant overall survival benefits in favor of chemotherapy and combination chemotherapy, respectively. In addition, comparisons of FU/cisplatin-containing regimens with versus without anthracyclines (HR = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.95) and FU/anthracycline-containing combinations with versus without cisplatin (HR = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.76 to 0.91) both demonstrated a significant survival benefit for the three-drug combination. Comparing irinotecan-containing versus nonirinotecan-containing combinations (mainly FU/cisplatin) resulted in a nonsignificant survival benefit in favor of the irinotecan-containing regimens (HR = 0.88; 95% CI, 0.73 to 1.06), but they have never been compared against a three-drug combination. Best survival results are achieved with three-drug regimens containing FU, an anthracycline, and cisplatin. Among these, regimens including FU as bolus exhibit a higher rate of toxic deaths than regimens using a continuous infusion of FU, such as epirubicin, cisplatin, and continuous-infusion FU.Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2006; 24(18):2903-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and deadliest form of primary brain cancer in adults. Despite advances in molecular biology and genetics of gliomas currently there is no effective treatment or promising molecularly targeted experimental therapeutic strategies for these tumors. In previous studies we have shown aberrant overexpression of the class III beta-tubulin isotype (betaIII-tubulin) in GBM and have proposed that this change may reflect perturbations in microtubule dynamics associated with glioma tumorigenesis, tumor progression and malignant transformation into GBM. This minireview focuses on microtubules and tubulin as emerging targets in potential therapy of GBM using a new class of betaIII-tubulin-targeted drugs in the light of recent developments concerning the function and potential role of this isotype in clinically aggressive tumor behavior, cancer stem cells, tumor hypoxia and chemoresistance to tubulin binding agents, principally taxanes.Journal of Cellular Physiology 08/2009; 221(3):505-13. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was first introduced in 1957, it remains an essential part of the treatment of a wide range of solid tumors. 5-FU has antitumor activity against epithelial malignancies arising in the gastrointestinal tract and breast as well as the head and neck, with single-agent response rates of only 10%-30%. Although 5-FU is still the most widely prescribed agent for the treatment of colorectal cancer, less than one-third of patients achieve objective responses. Recent research has focused on the biomodulation of 5-FU to improve the cytotoxicity and therapeutic effectiveness of this drug in the treatment of advanced disease. As all the anticancer agents, 5-FU leads to several toxicities. The toxicity profile of 5-FU is schedule dependent. Myelotoxicity is the major toxic effect in patients receiving bolus doses. Hand-foot syndrome (palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia), stomatitis, and neuro- and cardiotoxicities are associated with continuous infusions. Other adverse effects associated with both bolus-dose and continuous-infusion regimens include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, alopecia, and dermatitis. All these reasons explain the need for more effective and less toxic fluoropyrimidines. In the first part of this review, we briefly present the metabolic pathways of 5-FU responsible for the efficacy and toxicity of this drug. This knowledge is also necessary to understand the target(s) of biomodulation. The second part is devoted to a review of the literature on three recent prodrugs of 5-FU, i.e., capecitabine, UFT (ftorafur [FTO] plus uracil), and S-1 (FTO plus 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine plus potassium oxonate). The pharmacological principles that have influenced the development of these new drugs and our current knowledge of the clinical pharmacology of these new agents, focusing on antitumor activity and toxicity, are presented. The literature was analyzed until March 2002. This review is intended to be as exhaustive as possible since it was conceived as a work tool for readers wanting to go further.The Oncologist 02/2002; 7(4):288-323. · 4.10 Impact Factor