An indirect comparison of the toxicity of sunitinib and pazopanib in metastatic clear cell renal cancer
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Both sunitinib and pazopanib are widely used as first line therapy in metastatic renal cancer (mRCC). The efficacy of these agents appears similar but they may have distinct toxicity profiles. In this study we compare the severity of symptomatic and asymptomatic toxicity associated with sunitinib and pazopanib. METHODS: Two sequential prospective single arm phase II studies investigated either 12weeks of sunitinib (n=43) or pazopanib (n=34) prior to nephrectomy in untreated mRCC. Toxicity was defined as either symptomatic (hand and foot syndrome, mucositis, nausea, fatigue, diarrhoea, oedema, headache, pain, anorexia and change in taste) or asymptomatic (liver toxicity or haematological toxicity). Pazopanib (800mg once daily (OD)) and sunitinib (50mg 4/2) were given. Regular Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) toxicity assessment was performed during the first 12weeks of therapy. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the overall number of toxic events (grade 1-4) for sunitinib and pazopanib (mean number of toxic events/patients: 1.97 versus 1.96: p>0.05). Increased grade 2-4 symptomatic toxicity events occurred with sunitinib (hazard ratio (HR) 1.67 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-2.56] p<0.03). Sunitinib was associated with an increased grade 2-4 mucositis (16% versus 0% p=0.02) and fatigue (42% versus 15% p=0.01). Pazopanib was associated with more frequent grade 1 diarrhoea (39% versus 12%: p=0.03). Dose reductions for symptomatic toxicity occurred more frequently with sunitinib (26% versus 6% p<0.05). There was no difference in the occurrence of asymptomatic toxicity. CONCLUSION: This indirect analysis suggests sunitinib and pazopanib have distinct toxicity profiles which may help guide patient's choice. Further comparative data from randomised trials are awaited.
- European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 11/2012; 49(4). DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2012.10.010 · 4.82 Impact Factor
- European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 11/2012; 49(4). DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2012.10.011 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSES: To gain a better understanding of the overall incidence and risk of hypertension in cancer patients who receive pazopanib and to compare the differences in incidence among sorafenib, sunitinib, and pazopanib. METHODS: Several databases were searched, including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Eligible studies were phase II and III prospective clinical trials of patients with cancer assigned single drug pazopanib 800 mg/day with data on hypertension available. Overall incidence rates, relative risk (RR), and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated employing fixed or random effects models depending on the heterogeneity of the included trials. RESULTS: A total of 1,651 patients with a variety of solid tumors from 13 clinical trials were included for the meta-analysis. The overall incidences of all-grade and high-grade hypertension in cancer patients were 35.9 % (95 % CI 31.5-40.6 %) and 6.5 % (95 % CI 5.2-8.0 %), respectively. The use of pazopanib was associated with an increased risk of developing all-grade (RR 4.97, 95 % CI 3.38-7.30, p < 0.001) and high-grade hypertension (RR 2.87, 95 % CI 1.16-7.12, p = 0.023). Additionally, there was no significant difference in the incidence of all-grade (RR 1.21, 95 % CI 0.96-1.53, p = 0.11) and high-grade hypertension (RR 1.29, 95 % CI 0.80-2.07, p = 0.30) between RCC and non-RCC patients. Interestingly, the risk of all-grade hypertension with pazopanib was substantially higher than sorafenib (RR 1.99; 95 % CI 1.73-2.29, p = 0.00) and sunitinib (RR 2.20; 95 % CI 1.92-2.52, p = 0.00), while the risk of pazopanib-induced high-grade hypertension was similar to sorafenib (RR 0.98; 95 % CI 0.75-1.30, p = 0.90) and sunitinib (RR 0.81; 95 % CI 0.62-1.06, p = 0.12). CONCLUSIONS: The use of pazopanib is associated with a significantly increased risk of developing hypertension. Close monitoring and appropriate managements are recommended during the therapy. Future studies are still needed to investigate the risk reduction and possible use of pazopanib in selected patients.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2012; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00280-012-2025-5 · 2.57 Impact Factor