[Intermittent prolonged fever triggered by efforts.]
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Fever of unknown origin is a common reason for care in internal medicine. The wide variety of possible etiologies makes it difficult to standardize the diagnostic work-up that has to be primarily guided by the interview and physical examination. CASE REPORT: We report a case of prolonged fever having as main characteristics to be intermittent and triggered by efforts. The diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection with Propionibacterium acnes was finally made. In reaching this conclusion, many tests were needed, including renal explorations with biopsy showing an aspect of shunt nephritis. CONCLUSION: Prolonged fever of unknown origin in a patient having prosthetic material should raise the suspicion of prosthesis infection (especially if the fever is associated with efforts).