Article

cRGD-functionalized mPEG-PLGA-PLL nanoparticles for imaging and therapy of breast cancer.

Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No.25, Lane 2200, Xietu Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China.
Biomaterials (Impact Factor: 7.6). 07/2012; 33(28):6739-47. DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.06.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cyclic peptide (arginine-glycine-aspartic-glutamic-valine acid, cRGD)-modified monomethoxy (polyethylene glycol)-poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-poly (L-lysine) nanoparticles (mPEG-PLGA-PLL-cRGD NPs) with antitumor drug Mitoxantrone (DHAQ) or fluorescence agent Rhodamine B (Rb) encapsulated in their interior were prepared. The remarkable features of the mPEG-PLGA-PLL-cRGD NPs are the effective improvement for the cytotoxicity and uptake of the cell in vitro, and the significant enhancement of delivery ability for DHAQ or Rb in vivo. As a consequence, an excellent therapeutic efficiency for cancer is obtained, demonstrating the mPEG-PLGA-PLL-cRGD NPs play a key role in enhancing cancer therapeutic efficiency.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
62 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The lysosomal escape of nanoparticles is crucial to enhancing their delivery and therapeutic efficiency. Here, we report the cellular uptake mechanism, lysosomal escape, and organelle morphology effect of monomethoxy (polyethylene glycol)-poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)-poly (l-lysine) (mPEG-PLGA-PLL, PEAL) and 4-O-beta-d-Galactopyranosyl-d-gluconic acid (Gal)-modified PEAL (PEAL-Gal) for intracellular delivery to HepG2, Huh7, and PLC hepatoma cells. These results indicate that PEAL is taken up by clathrin-mediated endocytosis of HepG2, Huh7 and PLC cells. For PEAL-Gal, sialic acid receptor-mediated endocytosis and clathrin-mediated endocytosis are the primary uptake pathways in HepG2 cells, respectively, whereas PEAL-Gal is internalized by sag vesicle- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis in Huh7 cells. In the case of PLC cells, clathrin-mediated endocytosis and sialic acid receptor play a primary role in the uptake of PEAL-Gal. TEM results verify that PEAL and PEAL-Gal lead to a different influence on organelle morphology of HepG2, Huh7 and PLC cells. In addition, the results of intracellular distribution reveal that PEAL and PEAL-Gal are less entrapped in the lysosomes of HepG2 and Huh7 cells, demonstrating that they effectively escape from lysosomes and contribute to enhance the efficiency of intracellular delivery and tumor therapy. In vivo tumor targeting image results demonstrate that PEAL-Gal specifically delivers Rhodamine B (Rb) to the tumor tissue of mice with HepG2, Huh7, and PLC hepatomas and remains at a high concentration in tumor tissue until 48 h, properties that will greatly contribute to enhanced antitumor efficiency.
    Biomaterials 10/2013; · 7.60 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Good biocompatibility, specific tumor targeting, effective drug loading capacity and persistence in the circulation in vivo are imperative prerequisites for the antitumor efficiency of nanoparticles and their further clinical application. In this study, APRPG (Ala-Pro-Arg-Pro-Gly) peptide-modified poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (lactic acid) (PEG-PLA) nanoparticles (NP-APRPG) encapsulating inhibitors of angiogenesis (TNP-470) (TNP-470-NP-APRPG) were fabricated. TNP-470-NP-APRPG was designed to feature maleimide-PEG-PLA and mPEG-PLA as carrier materials, the APRPG peptide for targeting angiogenesis, PEG for prolonging circulation in vivo and PLA for loading TNP-470. TNP-470-NP-APRPG was confirmed to be approximately 130 nm in size with negative ΞΆ-potential (-14.3 mV), narrow distribution (PDI = 0.27) and spherical morphology according to dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. In addition, X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) analyses confirmed 7.73% APRPG grafting on the TNP-470-NP. In vitro, TNP-470-NP-APRPG exhibited effective inhibition of proliferation, migration and tube formation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Similar findings were observed for the retardation of tumor growth in SKOV3 ovarian cancer-bearing mice, suggesting the significant inhibition of angiogenesis and antitumor efficiency of TNP-470-NP-APRPG. Moreover, no obvious toxic drug responses were observed. Further evidence obtained from the immunohistochemical examination demonstrated that the tumor growth inhibition was closely correlated with the high rate of apoptosis among endothelial cells and the effective blockade of endothelial cell proliferation. These results demonstrate that NP-APRPG is a promising carrier for delivering TNP-470 to treat ovarian cancer and that this approach has the potential to achieve broad tumor coverage in the clinic.
    Biomaterials 10/2013; · 7.60 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is a promising anticancer agent for solid tumors. However, the high toxicity to normal tissues resulting from the lack of tumor specificity remains a huge challenge in its systemic application. Targeted vectors enabling drug delivery to specific cancer cells bring about great potential for better therapeutic efficacy whereas low side effects in cancer treatments. Our previous work has demonstrated that the anti-CD44v6 single chain variable fragment (scFvCD44v6) screened out from the human phage-displayed scFv library possesses high specificity and affinity to membrane antigen CD44v6 over-expressing in a subset of epithelium-derived cancers, such as pancreatic, hepatocellular, colorectal and gastric cancers. Herein, a maleimide-functionalized amphiphilic diblock copolymer of poly (ethylene glycol) and poly (d, l-lactide) (mal-PEG-PDLLA) was synthesized and assembled to vesicles with arsenite ion (As) encapsulated in their cores (As-NPs). Conjugation of scFvCD44v6 with mal-PEG-PDLLA (scFv-As-NPs) enabled more efficient delivery of As and exhibited higher cytotoxic activity than non-targeted ones (As-NPs) in human pancreatic cancer cells PANC-1. Furthermore, the targeted delivery of As induced more significant gene suppression in terms of the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein. Consequently, the expression level of cleaved caspase-3 which is a molecular indicator of cell apoptosis was remarkably elevated. In animal tests, scFv-As-NPs were found to greatly increase accumulation of drug in tumor site and potentiate the efficacy of As in inhibiting tumor growth owing to the enhanced cell apoptosis. These results imply that our tumor specific nanocarriers provide a highly efficient and safe platform for pancreatic cancer therapy.
    Biomaterials 05/2013; · 7.60 Impact Factor

Peifeng Liu