Financial Globalization and Economic Policies

Columbia University
Handbook of Development Economics 03/2009; DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.1392949
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT We review the large literature on various economic policies that could help developing economies effectively manage the process of financial globalization. Our central findings indicate that policies promoting financial sector development, institutional quality and trade openness appear to help developing countries derive the benefits of globalization. Similarly, sound macroeconomic policies are an important prerequisite for ensuring that financial integration is beneficial. However, our analysis also suggests that the relationship between financial integration and economic policies is a complex one and that there are unavoidable tensions inherent in evaluating the risks and benefits associated with financial globalization. In light of these tensions, structural and macroeconomic policies often need to be tailored to take into account country specific circumstances to improve the risk-benefit tradeoffs of financial integration. Ultimately, it is essential to see financial integration not just as an isolated policy goal but as part of a broader package of reforms and supportive macroeconomic policies.

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Available from: Shang-Jin Wei, Aug 28, 2015
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    • "Nevertheless , Spratt (2009) is one of the few recent publications that provides a good overview of the current issues in development finance. Kose et al. (2010) is also helpful in understanding issues associated with financial globalization. Another source of input for this paper is the data sets and publications made available by international organizations due to their coverage of empirical and policy aspects. "
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    • "inancial sector, impose discipline on macroeconomic policies, generate efficiency gains among domestic firms by exposing them to competition from foreign entrants, and unleash forces that result in better government and corporate governance. These collateral benefits could enhance efficiency and, by extension, total factor productivity growth (see Kose et. al, 2010)."
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    ABSTRACT: This paper provides a brief analysis of three major questions raised in the context of the recent global financial crisis. First, how similar is the crisis to previous episodes? We argue that the crisis featured some close similarities to earlier ones, including the presence of credit and asset price booms fueled by rapid debt accumulation. Second, how different is it from earlier episodes? We show that, as much as it displayed some similarities with previous cases, it also featured some significant differences, such as the explosion of opaque and complex financial instruments in a context of highly integrated global financial markets. Third, how costly are recessions that followed these types of crises? Although the latest episode took a very heavy toll on the real economy, we argue that this was not a surprising outcome. In particular, historical comparisons indicate that recessions associated with periods of deep financial disruptions result in much larger declines in real economic activity. We discuss the implications of these findings for economic and financial sector policies and future research.
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    • "In contrast, the selection of domestic …rms and knowledge spillovers imply multinational activity causes higher aggregate, domestic productivity. How the latter two a¤ect domestic production is, however, countervailing: tougher domestic selection 1 See Harrison and Rod´riguez-Clare (2011) and Kose et al. (2011) for recent overviews of the literature that examines the relationship between multinational activity, productivity and economic growth. At the macro level, the cross-country correlations between average FDI-to-GDP ratio and average TFP and GDP per capita growth were 0.26 and 0.35, respectively. "
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of multinational activity on host-country productivity has been a major topic of economic research. A positive impact can be attributed to knowledge spillovers from foreign multinational to domestic …rms or a less stressed, alternative explanation— …rm selections— whereby competition from multinational …rms leads to market reallocations and allows only the most productive domestic …rms to survive. We develop a theoretical and structural empirical framework to distinguish the two e¤ects and show that even though both knowledge spillovers and selections predict a positive relationship between multinational activity and aggregate productivity, the e¤ects bear distinct pre-dictions for the distributions of domestic …rms. Knowledge spillovers induce a rightward shift of the productivity distribution; the selection e¤ect, in con-trast, causes a weaker, or even leftward, shift of the revenue distribution and an increase in the cuto¤ productivity and revenue. Using a large cross-country panel dataset of manufacturing …rms, we …nd signi…cant evidence of selec-tions, market reallocations as well as knowledge spillovers. We also quantify the productivity gains associated with each e¤ect and explore cross-country heterogeneity.
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