Article

Evaluación e intervención de los problemas de Ansiedad y Depresión en Atención Primaria: Un problema sin resolver.

Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia 01/2012; 5(1):37-45. DOI: 10.4321/S1699-695X2012000100007

ABSTRACT RESUMEN Los problemas de salud mental, especialmente los de ansiedad y depresión, suponen aproximadamente una de cada cuatro consultas que reciben los médicos de atención primaria. En este trabajo se presenta una revisión que pretende responder a dos preguntas interrelacionadas. En primer lugar, ¿cómo abordan los médicos de atención primaria el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la ansiedad y depresión? Y en segundo lugar, ¿cómo se puede solucionar el problema? Para responder a la segunda pregunta vamos a tratar los siguientes aspectos: las necesidades de formación de los médicos de atención primaria, el desarrollo de instrumentos de evaluación a las características de la atención primaria, así como el incremento del número de profesionales sanitarios dedicados a la salud mental. ABSTRACT unsolved problem The mental health problems, especially anxiety and depression, represent approximately one in every four visits received by primary care physicians. In this paper we present a review that aims to answer two interrelated questions. First, how primary care physicians diagnose and treat anxiety and depression? And secondly, how can we solve the problem? To answer the second question we will discuss the following aspects: the training needs of primary care physicians, psychotherapeutic techniques adapted to the characteristics of the primary care setting as well as the increasing number of health professionals dedicated to mental health.

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