Quality of life in community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia in China.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess Chinese schizophrenia patients' quality of life (QOL) and identify its demographic and clinical correlates. A random sample of 540 community-dwelling schizophrenia patients was interviewed using standardized assessment instruments. The patients' basic sociodemographic and clinical data and QOL were collected. Compared with the general population, patients had significantly lower scores in the physical and psychological QOL domains. Multivariate analyses showed that better social support independently predicted higher QOL in all domains, whereas more severe positive symptoms predicted worse psychological and environmental domains. Overall psychopathology predicted both worse physical and psychological domains; depressive symptoms and being married predicted worse physical and social QOL, respectively. Our results suggest that therapeutic and psychosocial interventions alleviating positive and depressive symptoms and improving poor social support and marriage-related problems in Chinese patients with schizophrenia might be of considerable benefit in improving their QOL.
- The Journal of nervous and mental disease 07/2012; 200(7):567-8. DOI:10.1097/NMD.0b013e31825bf9f7 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study explores the practice of self-management in Chinese people with schizophrenia and their caregivers. Twenty-one patients and 14 caregivers were interviewed. Four themes were identified, reflecting the practice of self-management from both the patients' and caregivers' perspective: managing medication, monitoring and dealing with symptoms, maintaining social relations, and seeking health information and maintaining medical appointments. In general, self-management practices among Chinese people with schizophrenia were not optimal. This study highlights the importance of developing and implementing family-based self-management programs for Chinese people with schizophrenia and their family in order to enhance their self-management abilities and improve care outcomes.Archives of psychiatric nursing 02/2013; 27(1):42-53. DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2012.10.002 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to measure the subjective quality of life (QOL) of Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia and to examine its socio-demographic as well as clinical determinants. A total of 313 outpatients with schizophrenia participated in the study. Data were collected on socio-demographics, outpatient clinic attendance, perceived social support, perceived satisfaction with hospital care, medication adherence, illness severity and QOL. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the amount of variance in the QOL domain scores explained by socio-demographic and clinical variables. Employment status, perceived social support, satisfaction with outpatient care, antipsychotic medication dose, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) scores and medication adherence had significant relationships with all the QOL domains. Average monthly allowance and outpatient clinic default were significantly associated with all QOL domains except social relationship. Socio-demographic and clinical factors explained only a modest part (29.4%) of the variance in the QOL scores. It is likely that unmeasured 'internalised' determinants contribute in a much larger sense to the variation in subjective QOL.02/2013; 209(3). DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.027