Evaluating the approach run of class F11 visually impaired athletes in triple and long jumps.

Kapodistrian University of Athens, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science-TEFAA, Greece.
Perceptual and Motor Skills (Impact Factor: 0.66). 04/2012; 114(2):595-609. DOI: 10.2466/05.15.27.PMS.114.2.595-609
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The present study examined stride pattern characteristics of Class F11 visually impaired long jumpers and triple jumpers. Athletes demonstrated initial ascending footfall variability followed by descending variability, on the second (long jumpers) and third (triple jumpers) stride prior to take-off, at a mean distance of 6.26 m (long jumpers) and 7.36 m (triple jumpers) from the take-off board. Toe-board-distance variability reached a maximum value of 0.36 m and 0.38 m for the long and triple jump, respectively. Last stride toe-board-distance variability was 0.29 m (long jump) and 0.25 m (triple jump). Class F11 visually impaired athletes exhibit regulation of goal-directed gait analogous to that of non-visually impaired athletes.

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the occurrence of stride regulation at the approach phase of the long jump in athletes with normal vision and visually deprived Class F12 and F13 athletes. All the athletes exhibited the presence of a regulatory mechanism. In the normal vision group this occurred on the fifth-to-last stride. In Class F12 athletes regulation commenced on the fourth-to-last stride for males and third-to-last stride for females. Class F13 males commenced regulation, like the control group, on the fifth-to-last stride; but females commenced on the fourth-to-last stride. The study demonstrated that reduced vision does not prevent Class F12 and F13 athletes from applying a regulatory mechanism similar to that observed in sighted athletes. However, the control mechanism of regulation emerged earlier in non-visually deprived long jumpers and the least visually impaired Class F13 athletes, signifying the importance of visual function in the regulatory stimuli.
    Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2013; 117(1):1073-87. DOI:10.2466/30.24.PMS.117x11z6 · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We examine the presence of visually regulated control in young, novice long jumpers as they approach the takeoff board. The approach run of 27 novice jumpers (age 12-13 years) practising jump training for a short period was video-recorded during competition. Findings revealed that young, novice participants adjust the length of the final steps of their approach run, suggesting the presence of visual control. Step regulation commenced on the fifth and fourth step from the board for boys and girls respectively. Their pattern of footfall variability was found to be comparable to that of skilled long jumpers, although young, novice participants presented slightly higher variability. It appears that even a limited period of jump training may contribute to a more consistent run-up as well as to smaller takeoff error, offsetting the limitations imposed by the partially developed cognitive abilities and perceptual awareness of young athletes.
    Journal of Sports Sciences 08/2013; 32(2). DOI:10.1080/02640414.2013.810344 · 2.10 Impact Factor


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May 20, 2014