Article

Medicinal Plants in Farwest Nepal: Indigenous Uses and Pharmacological Validity

Medicinal and aromatic plant science and biotechnology 01/2010; 4(1):28-42.

ABSTRACT Medicinal plants have been used indigenously since ancient past as medicines for the treatment of various ailments. However, the knowledge of indigenous therapies have been distorting to these days due to changing perception, acculturation, commercialization and socio-economic transformations. The present study compares indigenous knowledge of therapies of 48 medicinal plants with the latest common pharmacological findings. Traditional indigenous plant knowledge and phytomedicine are consistently gaining acceptance in global society. The present study found that over two-thirds of traditionally used plants in the region show clear pharmacological efficacy. Total 23 species possessed strong resemblances and the species Euphorbia royleana, Ricinus communis, Plantago major, Chenopodium album, Cordyceps sinensis, etc. contributed the most. The complementarity of indigenous therapies and pharmacological uses is obvious and it is base of the modern therapeutic medicine. The increasing use of indigenous therapies demands more scientifically sound evidence, therefore further investigation and phytochemical screening of ethnopharmacologically used plants and assessment of the validity to the indigenous uses is worthwhile.

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