RNA-based analysis of two SMARCB1 mutations associated with familial schwannomatosis with meningiomas.
ABSTRACT Germline mutations in the SMARCB1 gene cause familial schwannomatosis, a condition characterized by the presence of multiple schwannomas, although mutations in SMARCB1 have also been associated with rhadboid tumor predisposition syndrome 1 (RTPS1). Both schwannomatosis and RTPS1 are autosomal dominant conditions that predispose individuals to develop distinct types of tumors. We clinically and genetically characterized two families with schwannomatosis associated with SMARCB1 mutations. Eight affected members of these families developed different numbers of schwannomas and/or meningiomas at distinct ages, evidence that meningiomas are variably expressed in this condition. We identified two germline mutations in SMARCB1 associated with the familial disease, c.233-1G>A and the novel c.207_208dupTA mutation, which both proved to affect the main SMARCB1 isoforms at the RNA level distinctly. Interestingly, the c.207_208dupTA mutation had no effect on the coding sequence, pre-mRNA splicing or the level of expression of the SMARCB1 isoform 2. Furthermore, SMARCB1 isoforms harboring a premature termination codon were largely eliminated via the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway. Our results highlight the importance of RNA-based studies to characterize SMARCB1 germline mutations in order to determine their impact on protein expression and gain further insight into the genetic basis of conditions associated with SMARCB1 mutations.
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ABSTRACT: Patients with schwannomatosis develop multiple schwannomas but no vestibular schwannomas diagnostic of neurofibromatosis type 2. We report an inactivating germline mutation in exon 1 of the tumor-suppressor gene INI1 in a father and daughter who both had schwannomatosis. Inactivation of the wild-type INI1 allele, by a second mutation in exon 5 or by clear loss, was found in two of four investigated schwannomas from these patients. All four schwannomas displayed complete loss of nuclear INI1 protein expression in part of the cells. Although the exact oncogenetic mechanism in these schwannomas remains to be elucidated, our findings suggest that INI1 is the predisposing gene in familial schwannomatosis.The American Journal of Human Genetics 05/2007; 80(4):805-10. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Schwannomatosis is a third major form of neurofibromatosis that has recently been linked to mutations in the SMARCB1 (hSnf5/INI1) tumor suppressor gene. We analyzed the coding region of SMARCB1 by direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in genomic DNA from 19 schwannomatosis kindreds. Microsatellite markers in the SMARCB1 region were developed to determine loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in associated tumors. We detected four alterations in conserved splice acceptor or donor sequences of exons 3, 4 and 6. Two alterations that likely affect splicing were seen in introns 4 and 5. An additional four alterations of unclear pathogenicity were found to segregate on the affected allele in eight families including two non-conservative missense alterations in three families. No constitutional deletions or duplications were detected by MLPA. Nine of 13 tumors examined showed partial LOH of the SMARCB1 region consistent with 'second hits.' Alterations were detected in tumors both with and without somatic NF2 gene changes. These findings support the hypothesis that SMARCB1 is a tumor suppressor for schwannomas in the context of familial disease. Further work is needed to determine its role in other multiple and single tumor syndromes.Clinical Genetics 10/2008; 74(4):358-66. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Schwannomatosis (MIM 162091) is a condition predisposing to the development of central and peripheral schwannomas; most cases are sporadic without a clear family history but a few families with a clear autosomal dominant pattern of transmission have been described. Germline mutations in SMARCB1 are associated with schwannomatosis. We report a family with multiple schwannomas and meningiomas. A SMARCB1 germline mutation in exon 1 was identified. The mutation, c.92A>T (p.Glu31Val), occurs in a highly conserved amino acid in the SMARCB1 protein. In addition, in silico analysis demonstrated that the mutation disrupts the donor consensus sequence of exon 1. RNA studies verified the absence of mRNA transcribed by the mutant allele. This is the first report of a SMARCB1 germline mutation in a family with schwannomatosis characterized by the development of multiple meningiomas.Neurogenetics 08/2009; 11(1):73-80. · 3.58 Impact Factor