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Re: 10.1007/s00464-011-1866-z: Laparoscopic slit mesh repair of parastomal hernia using a designated mesh: long-term results (Surg Endosc. (2012) 26:267-270)

Fawkham Manor Hospital, Longfield, Kent, United Kingdom, .
Surgical Endoscopy (Impact Factor: 3.31). 06/2012; 26(12). DOI: 10.1007/s00464-012-2397-y
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Parastomal hernia (PH) is a frequent complication of colorectal surgery, which incidence reaches 55% of all stoma formation. Currently, there is no definitive strategy for its repair. This study was designed to assess the outcome in patients who underwent laparoscopic PH repair using a slit mesh/keyhole technique. We undertook a retrospective case review of all patients who underwent laparoscopic PH repair with a designed slit mesh/keyhole between 2005 and 2010. Three ports were placed opposite the stoma site, and careful adhesiolysis and hernia content reduction were performed. The parastomal fascial defect was measured and covered with a designated mesh. Fixation of the mesh was achieved with concentric tacks and transcutaneous Prolene suture. Recurrence was diagnosed after examination of patients by two surgeons or by imaging demonstrating an indolent hernia. Twenty-nine laparoscopic PH mesh repairs were performed with an average age of 63.5 (range 42-81, median 64) years to treat paracolostomy hernia in 18 of 29 cases (62.1%), para-ileostomy hernia in 10 of 29 cases (34.5%), and for an ileal conduit site hernia in 1 of 29 cases (3.4%). The average operative time was 179 (range, 80-300; median, 180) min. Two operations (6.9%) were converted to an open approach. Early postoperative complications were documented in four patients (13.8%), including one elderly patient with severe comorbidities who died from postoperative sepsis (mortality rate, 3.4%). Only one late complication was recorded (3.4%). The average hospital stay was 4.7 (range, 1-19; median, 3) days. Average follow-up time was 28 (range, 12-53; median, 30) months. Recurrence of the hernia was found in 13 of 28 patients (46.4%). Laparoscopic slit mesh/keyhole repair is feasible, although it is a complex surgery reflected by extended operative time. The high recurrence rate suggests that technical improvement of the method is essential.
    Surgical Endoscopy 08/2011; 26(1):267-70. DOI:10.1007/s00464-011-1866-z · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parastomal herniation is a common complication of stoma formation, and its operative treatment is notoriously difficult. Recently we have reported the promising short-term results of a keyhole technique in which a Gore-Tex Dual Mesh with a central keyhole is laparoscopically fashioned around the bowel to close the hernia. In the long-term, recurrence is one of the major issues in hernia repair, therefore, this aspect was prospectively investigated. Since 2002, a total of 55 consecutive patients (27 men; median age, 63 years) with a symptomatic primary (n = 45) or recurrent parastomal hernia (n = 10) were electively operated using this technique. Patients were invited to the outpatient clinic on a regular basis and were examined for the occurrence of a recurrent hernia. At the last visit, all patients were asked to complete a short questionnaire. Median follow-up (98%) was 36 (range, 12-72) months. During follow-up a recurrent parastomal hernia was diagnosed in 20 patients (37%). Three recurrences were asymptomatic and were treated conservatively. The other 17 patients (85%) developed mild-to-severe symptoms necessitating redo-surgery in 9 (45%) patients. Surprisingly, satisfaction with the procedure was high among patients (89%), even in the presence of a recurrence. Patients who reported unsatisfactory results belonged mainly to the group in whom the initial laparoscopic approach had to be converted to an open procedure. Based on the results from the present study, which represents one of the largest patient series with the longest follow up available to date, it is concluded that laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair using a keyhole technique has an intolerably high recurrence rate with the currently available meshes. A new mesh with a less pliable central part and without the tendency to shrink is awaited.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2009; 23(7):1456-9. DOI:10.1007/s00464-008-0253-x · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parastomal herniation is a common complication, and its operative treatment is notoriously difficult. Recently, the authors have described a laparoscopic technique for closure and reinforcement of the hernia with a hand-made "funnel-shaped" Gore-Tex Dual Mesh. Potentially this technique combines the advantages of a mesh repair with those of minimal invasive surgery. In 2002, a multicenter trial of this new technique was started in The Netherlands. To date, 55 consecutive patients (27 men; median age, 63 years) with a symptomatic primary (n = 45) or recurrent (n = 10) parastomal hernia have undergone elective surgery using this technique. The demographic, perioperative, and early follow-up data prospectively collected for these patients are presented in this report. Of the 55 procedures, 47 (85.5%) could be completed laparoscopically (median operation time, 120 min). Conversion to laparotomy was indicated because of dense adhesions prohibiting safe dissection (n = 4) or bowel injury (n = 4). No in-hospital mortality occurred. Postoperative recovery was uneventful for 47 patients (85%), who had a median hospital stay of 4 days. Surgical and nonsurgical complications occurred, respectively, for four patients each (7.2%). Full-thickness enterotomy appeared to be the most troublesome complication. After 6 weeks, when all the patients were reexamined, one recurrence was noted. Maximal efforts should be undertaken to prevent perioperative full-thickness enterotomy. Because this was achieved for the vast majority of patients, it is concluded that laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair is feasible and safe. Although a longer follow-up period is needed for definitive conclusions to be drawn regarding the recurrence rate, early follow-up evaluation shows very promising results.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2007; 21(6):989-93. DOI:10.1007/s00464-007-9244-6 · 3.31 Impact Factor

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