A New View on Biodynamic Feedthrough Analysis: Unifying the Effects on Forces and Positions.

ABSTRACT When performing a manual control task, vehicle accelerations can cause involuntary limb motions, which can result in unintentional control inputs. This phenomenon is called biodynamic feedthrough (BDFT). In the past decades, many studies into BDFT have been performed, but its fundamentals are still only poorly understood. What has become clear, though, is that BDFT is a highly complex process, and its occurrence is influenced by many different factors. A particularly challenging topic in BDFT research is the role of the human operator, which is not only a very complex but also a highly adaptive system. In literature, two different ways of measuring and analyzing BDFT are reported. One considers the transfer of accelerations to involuntary forces applied to the control device (CD); the other considers the transfer of accelerations to involuntary CD deflections or positions. The goal of this paper is to describe an approach to unify these two methods. It will be shown how the results of the two methods relate and how this knowledge may aid in understanding BDFT better as a whole. The approach presented is based on the notion that BDFT dynamics can be described by the combination of two transfer dynamics: 1) the transfer dynamics from body accelerations to involuntary forces and 2) the transfer dynamics from forces to CD deflections. The approach was validated using experimental results.

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    ABSTRACT: The coupling of rotorcraft dynamics with the dynamics of one of the main systems devoted to its control, the pilot, may lead to several peculiar phenomena, known as Rotorcraft-Pilot Couplings (RPCs), all characterized by an abnormal behavior that may jeopardize flight safety. Among these phenomena, there is a special class of couplings which is dominated by the biodynamic behavior of the pilot's limbs that close the loop between the vibrations and the control inceptors in the cockpit. Leveraging robust stability analysis, the inherently uncertain pilot biodynamics can be treated as the uncertain portion of a feedback system, making analytical, numerical or graphical determination of proneness to RPC possible by comparing robust stability margins of helicopter models with experimental Biodynamic Feedthrough (BDFT) data. The application of the proposed approach to collective bounce is exemplified using simple analytical helicopter and pilot models. The approach is also applied to detailed helicopter models and experimental BDFT measurement data.
    Journal of Sound and Vibration 09/2013; 332(20):4948-4962. · 1.61 Impact Factor