Article

Serum Hemorphin-7 Levels Are Decreased in Obesity.

1] Aix Marseille Université, Inserm, INRA, NORT UMR_1062, Marseille, France [2] APHM, Timone Hospital, Nutrition, Metabolic Diseases and Endocrinology Department, Marseille, France.
Obesity (Impact Factor: 3.92). 07/2012; DOI: 10.1038/oby.2012.186
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hemorphin peptides exhibit biological activities that interfere with the endorphin system, the inflammatory response, and blood-pressure control. VV-hemorphin-7 and LVV-hemorphin-7 peptides exert a hypotensive effect, in particular, by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. Furthermore, levels of circulating hemorphin-7 peptides have been found to be decreased in diseases such as type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Because type 2 diabetes and obesity share common features, such as insulin resistance, microinflammation, high glomerular-filtration rate (GFR), and cardiovascular risk, we evaluated serum VV-hemorphin-7 like immunoreactivity (VVH7-i.r.) levels, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method, on a group of 54 obese subjects without diabetes or hypertension, compared with a group of 33 healthy normal-weight subjects. Circulating VVH7-i.r. levels were significantly decreased in the obese group compared with the control group (1.98 ± 0.19 vs. 4.86 ± 0.54 µmol/l, respectively, P < 0.01), and a significant negative correlation between VVH7-i.r. and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was found in obese patients (r = -0.35, P = 0.011). There was no significant correlation between VVH7-i.r. level and insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, or GFR. The decreased serum hemorphin-7 found in obese subjects, as in diabetes, may contribute to the development of hypertension and to the cardiovascular risk associated with these metabolic diseases.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
132 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased expression of cathepsin D (CD) and B (CB) is found in some cancers and correlates with the development of clinical metastases. It was suggested that these cathepsins could be used as prognostic markers, especially CD in breast cancer. Because serum level of Hemorphin-7 (H7) peptides could reflect CD activity, we have hypothesised that it could be used as a prognostic factor in breast cancer. To verify this hypothesis, H7 serum levels from 62 breast cancer patients and 25 healthy controls were measured by ELISA. The mean serum concentration of H7 was 2.27+/-0.63 mumol/l in breast cancer patients in comparison with 4.09+/-1.05 mumol/l in controls (p=0.002). This reduced level of H7 in breast cancer could be due to the over-expression of CB, which exhibits strong interaction with H7 in vitro, with a ratio K(cat)/K(m) estimated at 18000 s(-1) M(-1). Because H7 serum levels did not correlate with other parameters including age, CA15-3 and ACE markers, it seems that they might be used as independent markers for the diagnosis of breast cancer.
    Clinica Chimica Acta 11/2003; 337(1-2):59-67. · 2.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular effects of LVV-hemorphin-7, a member of the family of fragments from beta-chain of human or bovine hemoglobin, were studied in conscious spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats by radiotelemetry. Intraperitoneal injection of hemorphin in a dose of 100 microg/kg significantly decreased blood pressure in SHR, whereas negligible effect was seen in normotensive WKY rats. Blood pressure changes were accompanied by reduction of heart rate. In conclusion, a direct effect of LVV-hemorphin-7 on blood pressure was demonstrated in SHR. These biologically active peptides could be involved in blood pressure regulation especially in hypertensive rats, but the precise mechanism should be elucidated.
    Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca 02/2004; 53(6):603-7. · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms by which obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify candidate biomarkers overexpressed in adipose tissue of obese subjects that could link expanded fat mass to atherosclerosis. We compared gene expression profile in subcutaneous adipose tissue (scWAT) of 28 obese and 11 lean subjects using microarray technology. This analysis identified 240 genes significantly overexpressed in scWAT of obese subjects. The genes were then ranked according to the correlation between gene expression and body mass index (BMI). In this list, the elastolytic cysteine protease cathepsin S was among the highly correlated genes. RT-PCR and Western blotting confirmed the increase in cathepsin S mRNA (P=0.006) and protein (P<0.05) in obese scWAT. The circulating concentrations of cathepsin S were also significantly higher in obese than in nonobese subjects (P<0.0001). Both cathepsin S mRNA in scWAT and circulating levels were positively correlated with BMI, body fat, and plasma triglyceride levels. In addition, we show that the proinflammatory factors, lipopolysaccharide, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha increase cathepsin S secretion in human scWAT explants. This study identifies cathepsin S as a novel marker of adiposity. Since this enzyme has been implicated in the development of atherosclerotic lesions, we propose that cathepsin S represents a molecular link between obesity and atherosclerosis.
    The FASEB Journal 09/2005; 19(11):1540-2. · 5.70 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
38 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014