Article

Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the high molecular weight ketoacyl reductase FabG4 complexed with NADH.

Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302, India.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications (Impact Factor: 0.55). 07/2012; 68(Pt 7):786-9. DOI: 10.1107/S1744309112020301
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT FabG4 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis belongs to the high molecular weight ketoacyl reductases (HMwFabGs). The enzyme requires NADH for β-ketoacyl reductase activity. The protein was overexpressed, purified to homogeneity and crystallized as a FabG4-NADH complex. A mountable FabG4:NADH complex crystal diffracted to 2.59 Å resolution and belonged to space group P1, with unit-cell parameters a = 63.07, b = 71.03, c = 92.92 Å, α = 105.02, β = 97.06, γ = 93.66°. The Matthews coefficient suggested the presence of four monomers in the unit cell. In addition, a self-rotation function revealed the presence of two twofold NCS axes and one fourfold NCS axis. At χ = 180° the highest peak corresponds to the twofold NCS between two monomers, whereas the second peak corresponds to the twofold NCS between two dimers.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
83 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Resistance to isoniazid in Mycobacterium tuberculosis can be mediated by substitution of alanine for serine 94 in the InhA protein, the drug's primary target. InhA was shown to catalyze the beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-specific reduction of 2-trans-enoyl-acyl carrier protein, an essential step in fatty acid elongation. Kinetic analyses suggested that isoniazid resistance is due to a decreased affinity of the mutant protein for NADH. The three-dimensional structures of wild-type and mutant InhA, refined to 2.2 and 2.7 angstroms, respectively, revealed that drug resistance is directly related to a perturbation in the hydrogen-bonding network that stabilizes NADH binding.
    Science 04/1995; 267(5204):1638-41. · 31.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although isoniazid (isonicotinic acid hydrazide, INH) is widely used for the treatment of tuberculosis, its molecular target has remained elusive. In response to INH treatment, saturated hexacosanoic acid (C26:0) accumulated on a 12-kilodalton acyl carrier protein (AcpM) that normally carried mycolic acid precursors as long as C50. A protein species purified from INH-treated Mycobacterium tuberculosis was shown to consist of a covalent complex of INH, AcpM, and a beta-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase, KasA. Amino acid-altering mutations in the KasA protein were identified in INH-resistant patient isolates that lacked other mutations associated with resistance to this drug.
    Science 07/1998; 280(5369):1607-10. · 31.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: beta-Keto acyl carrier protein reductase (BKR) catalyzes the pyridine-nucleotide-dependent reduction of a 3-oxoacyl form of acyl carrier protein (ACP), the first reductive step in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis and a reaction often performed in polyketide biosynthesis. The Brassica napus BKR enzyme is NADPH-dependent and forms part of a dissociable type II fatty acid synthetase (FAS). Significant sequence similarity is observed with enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase (ENR), the other reductase of FAS, and the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase (SDR) family. The first crystal structure of BKR has been determined at 2.3 A resolution in a binary complex with an NADP(+) cofactor. The structure reveals a homotetramer in which each subunit has a classical dinucleotide-binding fold. A triad of Ser154, Tyr167 and Lys171 residues is found at the active site, characteristic of the SDR family. Overall BKR has a very similar structure to ENR with good superimposition of catalytically important groups. Modelling of the substrate into the active site of BKR indicates the need for conformational changes in the enzyme. A catalytic mechanism can be proposed involving the conserved triad. Helix alpha6 must shift its position to permit substrate binding to BKR and might act as a flexible lid on the active site. The similarities in fold, mechanism and substrate binding between BKR, which catalyzes a carbon-oxygen double-bond reduction, and ENR, the carbon-carbon double-bond oxidoreductase in FAS, suggest a close evolutionary link during the development of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway.
    Structure 05/2000; 8(4):339-47. · 5.99 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
37 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014