Protein phosphatase Z modulates oxidative stress response in fungi
ABSTRACT The genome of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans harbors the gene ppzA that codes for the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase Z (PPZ), and the closely related opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus encompasses a highly similar PPZ gene (phzA). When PpzA and PhzA were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Schizosaccharomyces pombe they partially complemented the deleted phosphatases in the ppz1 or the pzh1 mutants, and they also mimicked the effect of Ppz1 overexpression in slt2 MAP kinase deficient S. cerevisiae cells. Although ppzA acted as the functional equivalent of the known PPZ enzymes its disruption in A. nidulans did not result in the expected phenotypes since it failed to affect salt tolerance or cell wall integrity. However, the inactivation of ppzA resulted in increased sensitivity to oxidizing agents like tert-butylhydroperoxide, menadione, and diamide. To demonstrate the general validity of our observations we showed that the deletion of the orthologous PPZ genes in other model organisms, such as S. cerevisiae (PPZ1) or Candida albicans (CaPPZ1) also caused oxidative stress sensitivity. Thus, our work reveals a novel function of the PPZ enzyme in A. nidulans that is conserved in very distantly related fungi.
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ABSTRACT: Protein phosphatases Z that are unique to the fungal kingdom have been associated to resistance to high salt concentration, cell wall integrity, cell cycle regulation, and oxidative stress in fungi. In A. fumigatus, it was shown that PHZA is under the control of the transcription factor Skn7 and is only involved in the control of the oxidative stress. Accordingly, the ΔphzA mutant showed a defect in virulence in an experimental model of corneal infection in immunocompetent animals and that the impact on susceptibility to cell wall drugs is only secondary.Fungal Genetics and Biology 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.fgb.2014.02.009 · 3.26 Impact Factor