Rhizoma Paridis ethanol extract selectively inhibits the proliferation of HUVECs comparing to Lovo cells and shows anti-angiogenesis effects in a mouse model

Department of Oncology, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Medical School of Nanjing University and Clinical Cancer Institute of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China.
Journal of ethnopharmacology (Impact Factor: 3). 06/2012; 143(1):256-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2012.06.032
Source: PubMed


Rhizoma Paridis, a traditional Chinese Medicine, was identified to be cytotoxic to cancer cells. The present study was designed to investigate the potential anti-angiogenic and antitumor effect of the ethanol extract of Rhizoma Paridis (RPE) in vitro and in vivo.
The cytotoxic effect of RPE against human colon cancer Lovo cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was examined using MTT assay. We also tested the effect of RPE on tube formation, migration, apoptosis and cell cycle of HUVECs. Moreover, Lovo subcutaneous xenograft was applied to study the antitumor and anti-angiogenesis effect of RPE in vivo.
RPE exerted a higher inhibition effect on the proliferation of HUVECs than Lovo cells. The tube formation and cell migration were also significantly inhibited in the presence of RPE in a concentration-dependent manner though the significant inhibition effects were observed at the cytotoxic dose. RPE induced cell apoptosis and G0-G1 cell cycle arrest of HUVECs. In vivo, significant tumor growth inhibition was observed in human colon cancer xenografts established by Lovo cells, accompanying by a marked decrease in MVD.
Our current study exhibited that RPE has a selective cytotoxity against HUVECs comparing to Lovo cells and also demonstrated significant anti-angiogenic effect in vivo.

24 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Based on a single-factor test, a central composite design was used to optimize the extraction conditions of polysaccharides from leaves of Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz. Three independent variables, including extraction temperature (°C), ratio of water to raw material, and extraction time (h), which significantly affected the yield of polysaccharides, were investigated. The experimental data were fitted to a quadratic polynomial equation using multiple regression analysis and also examined using appropriate statistical methods. The optimum conditions were as follows: extraction temperature, 90.8 °C; ratio of water to raw material, 21.3:1; and extraction time 4.8 h. Under these conditions, the experimental yield was 54.18%, which matched the predicted value well. Furthermore, the purified polysaccharide exerted strong antioxidant effects on DPPH, hydroxyl, and superoxide radicals in vitro.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 04/2014; 104(1):80–86. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.01.006 · 4.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis, formation of new blood vessels, play an important role in some diseases such as cancer and its metastasis. Using angiogenesis inhibitors, therefore, is one of the ways for cancer treatment and prevention of metastasis. Medicinal plants have been shown to play a major role in the treatment of a variety of cancers. In this direction, cytotoxic and angiogenic effects of oleo gum resin extracts of Rhus coriaria, Pistacia vera and Pistacia khinjuk from Anacardiaceae family were studied. For IC50 values, cytotoxic effects of the plant extracts were evaluated at different concentrations (1, 10, 20, 40, 80,100 μg/ml) against human umbilical vein endothelial normal cell (HUVEC) and Y79 cell lines using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In vitro tube formation on matrigel base was used to evaluate angiogenic effects in the presence of increasing concentrations (50, 100, 250 μg/ml) of the extracts. Vascular endothelium growth factor was used as angiogenesis stimulator. Gas chromatography results showed that α-pinene and β-pinene were the major essential oils constituents of all plant extracts. According to the MTT assay results, the R. coriaria resin extract was more cytotoxic than those of P. vera and P. khinjuk extracts (IC50, 9.1 ± 1.6 vs 9.8 ± 2.1 and 12.0 ± 1.9, respectively;P<0.05). Cytotoxic effects of all extracts against Y79 cell line was significantly higher than those of HUVEC used as a normal cell line (P<0.05). Tube formation assay also showed that extract of R. coriaria resin inhibited angiogenesis more significantly than other tested extracts (P<0.05). It could be concluded that R. coriaria resin extract possess cytotoxic effect and antiangiogenesis against cancer cells and as an anticancer natural product has a good potential for future studies.

Similar Publications