Rhizoma Paridis ethanol extract selectively inhibits the proliferation of HUVECs comparing to Lovo cells and shows anti-angiogenesis effects in a mouse model

Department of Oncology, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Medical School of Nanjing University and Clinical Cancer Institute of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China.
Journal of ethnopharmacology (Impact Factor: 3). 06/2012; 143(1):256-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2012.06.032
Source: PubMed


Rhizoma Paridis, a traditional Chinese Medicine, was identified to be cytotoxic to cancer cells. The present study was designed to investigate the potential anti-angiogenic and antitumor effect of the ethanol extract of Rhizoma Paridis (RPE) in vitro and in vivo.
The cytotoxic effect of RPE against human colon cancer Lovo cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was examined using MTT assay. We also tested the effect of RPE on tube formation, migration, apoptosis and cell cycle of HUVECs. Moreover, Lovo subcutaneous xenograft was applied to study the antitumor and anti-angiogenesis effect of RPE in vivo.
RPE exerted a higher inhibition effect on the proliferation of HUVECs than Lovo cells. The tube formation and cell migration were also significantly inhibited in the presence of RPE in a concentration-dependent manner though the significant inhibition effects were observed at the cytotoxic dose. RPE induced cell apoptosis and G0-G1 cell cycle arrest of HUVECs. In vivo, significant tumor growth inhibition was observed in human colon cancer xenografts established by Lovo cells, accompanying by a marked decrease in MVD.
Our current study exhibited that RPE has a selective cytotoxity against HUVECs comparing to Lovo cells and also demonstrated significant anti-angiogenic effect in vivo.

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