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High-sugar drink consumption: an associate of obesity and impaired fasting glucose in Canadian Indigenous (Cree) communities.

School of Dietetics & Human Nutrition, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, 21111 Lakeshore Rd., Ste.Anne-de-Bellevue, PQ H9X 3V9, Canada
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD (Impact Factor: 3.52). 06/2012; 22(8):e17-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.04.007
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Rapid development, including the building of hydroelectric projects and roads in remote areas of Northern Quebec, Canada, has led to concerns about the contamination of traditional foods (TF) and a transition to a diet characterized by increased commercial food intake. A cross-sectional study of 850 Cree adults, aged ≥19 years, from 7 of the 9 Eeyouch communities was conducted during the spring and summer seasons of 2005-2008. Anthropometric measures were collected. TF and dietary intake were assessed using food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-h recalls. Obesity was high, with 77% of the women and 64% of the men classified as obese. Past-year TF consumption was 100%, and 41% of participants reported eating TF on the 24-h recall. TF intake as reported on both the FFQs and the 24-h recalls was higher in individuals aged >50 years of age and in men, relative to younger adults and women, respectively. TF consumption increased protein, vitamin D, iron, and magnesium in all individuals, and energy, cholesterol, magnesium, sodium, and zinc in men aged 19-50 years; it decreased vitamin C in men and women aged ≥51 years. Participants reported drinking a mean daily 0.78 ± 1.34 cans of soft drinks or other high-sugar beverages per day or 5.28% ± 8.92% of total energy. It is important to identify behaviours that are contributing to obesity and its health consequences in this population and to find culturally appropriate ways to promote the consumption of TF and to reduce the consumption of energy-dense and nutrient-poor beverages and food items.
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  • Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 11/2012; · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 11/2012; · 3.52 Impact Factor

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