In vitro evaluation of bond strength and sealing ability of a new low-shrinkage, methacrylate resin-based root canal sealer
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate a new low-shrinkage, methacrylate resin-based root canal sealer (LSRCS) to determine its bond strength in radicular dentin and sealing ability.
Extracted single-root teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups (n=20) for obturation with Gutta-percha (GP)/AH Plus, Resilon/Epiphany, or Resilon/LSRCS. One-half of each experimental group was analyzed by the push-out test, using sections perpendicular to the long axis divided into 1mm serial slices and a universal testing machine to detect the loading force. The other half was analyzed by the dye penetration test using 2% methylene blue solution (pH=7) and measuring dye leakage under a stereomicroscope.
The push-out test revealed significant differences (p<0.05) in bond strength produced by the three sealers; the GP/AH Plus group showed the highest bond strength, followed by Resilon/LSRCS and Resilon/Epiphany. According to the microleakage data, GP/AH Plus showed the least dye penetration, which was significantly less than Resilon/Epiphany and Resilon/LSRCS. There was no difference in apical leakage between Resilon/Epiphany and Resilon/LSRCS.
The newly developed LSRCS, although not superior to AH Plus in bond strength or sealing ability, possesses monoblock potential and application prospects.
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ABSTRACT: The relationship between sealer penetration into dentinal tubules and the bond strength of two new calcium silicate-based and epoxy resin-based endodontic sealers was evaluated. Thirty recently extracted human maxillary incisors were instrumented and divided into three groups according to the sealer used: (1) AH Plus; (2) iRoot SP; and (3) MTA Fillapex. Sealer penetration into dentinal tubules was measured using CLSM. Then, a universal testing machine was used to compare the push-out bond strengths of the sealers to the root canal dentin. AH Plus and MTA Fillapex exhibited significantly higher sealer penetration than iRoot SP did (p > .05). The push-out bond strengths of AH Plus and iRoot SP were higher than that of MTA Fillapex. We concluded that greater penetration of the sealer into the dentinal tubules was not associated with higher bond strength among the three sealers tested.Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 01/2014; 28(7). DOI:10.1080/01694243.2013.862979