Admission hyperglycemia causes infarct volume expansion in patients with ICA or MCA occlusion: Association of collateral grade on conventional angiography.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia (HG) is associated with infarct volume expansion in acute ischaemic stroke patients. However, collateral circulation can sustain the ischaemic penumbra and limit the growth of infarct volume. The aim of this study was to determine whether the association between HG and infarct volume expansion is dependent on collateral circulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 93 acute ischaemic stroke patients with internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery occlusion within 24 h of onset were retrospectively studied. HG was diagnosed in patients with an admitting blood glucose value ≥140 mg/dl. Angiographic collateral grade 0-1 was designated as poor collateral circulation and grade 2-4 as good collateral circulation. Infarct volume was measured at admission and at again within 7 days using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images. RESULTS: Among 34 patients with poor collateral grade, the change in infarct volume was significantly greater in the HG group than in the non-HG group (106.0 ml vs. 22.7 ml, P = 0.002). Among the 59 patients with good collateral circulation, the change in infarct volume was greater in the HG group than in the non-HG group (53.3 ml vs. 10.9 ml, P = 0.047). Multiple regression analysis indicated that admission HG (P = 0.004), baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (P = 0.018), and poor collateral circulation (P = 0.040) were independently associated with infarct volume expansion. CONCLUSIONS: Infarct volume expansion was greater in individuals with HG on admission regardless of collateral circulation status.
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ABSTRACT: Precise associations between clinical characteristics of transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) positivity are still controversial. Thus, the purposes of this were to investigate the clinical characteristics associated with DWI positivity in patients with TIA and to develop a risk score for the prediction of DWI positivity in TIA. Between April 2008 and June 2011, we retrospectively enrolled consecutive patients, who were admitted to our hospital with TIA and underwent DWI within 24 hours of admission. Patients were divided into a DWI-positive or DWI-negative group. The clinical characteristics of the 2 groups were compared, and a DWI positivity score was determined for each patient. We calculated the DWI positivity score by assigning a point value of 1 to the following factors: blood urea nitrogen to serum creatinine (BUN/Cr) ratio greater than 17.5, glucose greater than 161 mg/dL, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) greater than 55.4 pg/dL. Values below these cutoffs were given a value of 0, and the 3 point values were summed to obtain the final DWI positivity score (from 0 to 3). A total of 41 patients (median age = 62 years; 8 women) were enrolled in this study. There were 14 (35%) patients with DWI positivity. The median of the BUN/Cr ratio, blood glucose, and BNP were significantly higher in the DWI-positive than that in the DWI-negative group. As the DWI positivity score increased, there was an increased rate of DWI positivity. Our data indicate that seminal scores that included BUN/Cr ratio, glucose, and BNP contributed to DWI positivity in TIA patients.Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 10/2013;
- Stroke 01/2014; · 6.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Collateral circulation plays an important role in the clinical and radiological outcome after acute ischemic stroke. Several modalities are used to evaluate these alternative pathways with a growing interest in recent years. We conducted a literature review of studies evaluating collaterals at the acute phase of a carotid territory ischemic stroke. Most of them were based on conventional angiography and CT angiography, several on the basis of MRI and transcranial Doppler and, more recently, on the basis of dynamic CT angiography, which seems to be the most appropriate modality. Populations studied in these publications are often heterogeneous (especially concerning the occlusion site and the treatments performed) and many classifications have been proposed.Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2014; · 1.24 Impact Factor