Transverse multimode effects on the performance of photon-photon gates

Physical Review A (Impact Factor: 2.99). 02/2011; 83(2):022312. DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVA.83.022312
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The multimode character of quantum fields imposes constraints on the implementation of high-fidelity quantum gates between individual photons. So far this has only been studied for the longitudinal degree of freedom. Here we show that effects due to the transverse degrees of freedom significantly affect quantum gate performance. We also discuss potential solutions, in particular separating the two photons in the transverse direction.

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