Evidence-Based Practices for Thromboembolism Prevention: Summary of the ASPS Venous Thromboembolism Task Force Report
American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Arlington Heights, Ill 60005-4664, USA. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
(Impact Factor: 2.99).
07/2012; 130(1):168e-175e. DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e318254b4ee
In July of 2011, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Executive Committee approved the Venous Thromboembolism Task Force Report. The report includes a summary of the scientific literature relevant to venous thromboembolism and plastic surgery along with five evidence-based recommendations. The recommendations are divided into two sections: risk stratification and prevention. The risk stratification recommendations are based on the 2005 Caprini Risk Assessment Module, which has been validated in the scientific literature as an effective tool for risk-stratifying plastic and reconstructive surgery patients based on individual risk factors for 60-day venous thromboembolism. The three prophylaxis recommendations are dependent on an individual patient's 2005 Caprini Risk Assessment Module score.
Available from: Eric Swanson
- "Of course, we are told that treatment is to be individualized,11,28 but such a recommendation may be difficult to reconcile with an algorithm or scoring system that is meant to group patients together in categories with a view to assigning a treatment.28,29 Many cases of thromboembolism occur in patients with moderate risk scores.9,14,21 "
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ABSTRACT: Chemoprophylaxis has been recommended for plastic surgery patients judged to be at increased risk for venous thromboembolism. Several investigators have encountered this complication in patients despite anticoagulation therapy. An increased rate of complications related to postoperative bleeding has been reported. This article examines the efficacy and safety of this intervention, along with ethical considerations, in an attempt to determine whether any benefits of chemoprophylaxis justify the additional risks. The statistical methods and conclusion of the Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Study are challenged. Other preventative measures that do not cause negative side effects are discussed as safer alternatives.
06/2013; 1(3):e23. DOI:10.1097/GOX.0b013e318299fa26
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Perioperative complications are a major source of morbidity, mortality, and expenditures in health care. Many of these complications are preventable with simple, cost-effective measures when implemented in a standardized manner. Surgical specialties are increasing efforts to implement standardized and easily monitored measures to reduce perioperative complications.
The recommendations provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and published by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations were summarized as they pertain to plastic surgery. A review of recent plastic surgery literature was pursued to evaluate these recommendations as they pertain to the specialty.
Measures exist to reduce the incidence of perioperative infection, venous thromboembolism, and mortality associated with cardiac events. These measures include type and timing of prophylactic antibiotics, maintenance of perioperative normothermia, appropriate hair removal, early discontinuation of urinary catheters, appropriate venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, and use of preoperative beta-blockers.
As national quality measures are implemented across an increasing number of specialties, the expansions will likely affect plastic surgery. These measures are evidence based and validated across a diverse group of surgical specialties, resulting in improved measured outcomes. Plastic surgeons would benefit by actively providing leadership as these and similar measures are implemented.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 02/2013; 131(6). DOI:10.1097/PRS.0b013e31828bd17e · 2.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in autologous breast reconstruction surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of patient characteristics, comorbidities, payer type, reconstruction type, reconstruction timing, radiation, chemotherapy, and teaching status of hospital on VTE (deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism) in autologous breast reconstructive surgery.
Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, we examined the clinical data of patients who underwent autologous breast reconstructive surgery in 2009 to 2010 in the United States. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify factors predictive of in-hospital VTE.
A total of 35,883 patients underwent autologous breast reconstructive surgery during this period. Overall rate of VTE was 0.13%. The highest rate of VTE (0.26%) was observed in pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap. Patients who experienced VTE had significantly longer mean hospital stay (11.6 vs 3.9 days; P < 0.001) and higher mean total hospital charges ($146,432 vs $61,794; P < 0.001) compared with non-VTE patients; however, there was no significant difference observed in mortality rate (VTE, 0.0% vs non-VTE, 0.04%; P = 0.886). Using multivariate regression analysis, immediate reconstruction after mastectomy (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 5.4), older than 65 years (AOR, 4.2), obesity (AOR, 3.7), history of chemotherapy (AOR, 3.5), and chronic lung disease (AOR, 2.5) were associated with higher risk of VTE. There was no association between race, payer type, diabetes, hypertension, liver disease, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, chronic kidney disease, smoking, reconstruction type, radiation, or teaching status of hospital on VTE.
In patients undergoing autologous breast reconstruction surgery, immediate reconstruction, older than 65 years, obesity, history of chemotherapy, and chronic lung disease are all independent predictors of higher VTE. Surgeons should consider these factors and use appropriate prophylaxis to minimize the risk of VTE development.
Annals of plastic surgery 12/2013; 72(1). DOI:10.1097/SAP.0000000000000003 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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