Interleukin-8 and -10 gene polymorphisms in irritable bowel syndrome.

Dirección de Investigación, Hospital General "Dr. Manuel Gea González", Calzada de Tlalpan 4800, Colonia Sección XVI, 14080 Mexico, DF, Mexico.
Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 1.96). 06/2012; 39(9):8837-43. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-012-1745-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diagnoses seen by primary care providers and gastroenterologists. Proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 have been found increased in IBS patients. Cytokine gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-8 and IL-10 have not been assessed in Mexican IBS patients. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leucocytes of 45 IBS unrelated patients and 137 controls. Allele, genotype, and haplotype frequencies were determined by analyzing SNPs of IL-8 and IL-10 genes. IL-8 + 396 G allele (P = 0.02), IL-8 + 396(G/G) and IL-8 + 781(C/T) genotypes (P < 0.001), IL-10 - 1082A allele and IL-10 - 1082(A/A) genotype (P < 0.001) were significantly increased in the IBS group. Haplotypes IL-8 ATCC (P = 0.03) and IL-10 ACC (P < 0.001) were associated with susceptibility to develop IBS. An association of certain polymorphisms of IL-8 and IL-10 in IBS patients compared to controls was demonstrated, suggesting a role of these cytokine SNPs in the pathophysiology of IBS.

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    ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. These symptoms cannot be explained by structural abnormalities and there is no specific laboratory test or biomarker for IBS. Therefore, IBS is classified as a functional disorder with diagnosis dependent on the history taking about manifested symptoms and careful physical examination. Although a great deal of research has been carried out in this area, the pathophysiology of IBS is complex and not completely understood. Multiple factors are thought to contribute to the symptoms in IBS patients; altered gastrointestinal motility, visceral hypersensitivity, and the brain-gut interaction are important classical concepts in IBS pathophysiology. New areas of research in this arena include inflammation, postinfectious low-grade inflammation, genetic and immunologic factors, an altered microbiota, dietary factors, and enteroendocrine cells. These emerging studies have not shown consistent results, provoking controversy in the IBS field. However, certain lines of evidence suggest that these mechanisms are important at least a subset of IBS patients, confirming that IBS symptoms cannot be explained by a single etiological mechanism. Therefore, it is important to keep in mind that IBS requires a more holistic approach to determining effective treatment and understanding the underlying mechanisms.
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    ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most frequently diagnosed disorders, affecting about 20% of the general population in Western countries. This syndrome poses an enormous socio-economic burden, impairs the quality of life substantially, and increases healthcare costs. IBS can be classified as either idiopathic (ID-IBS) with unknown etiology or post-infectious (PI-IBS), which develops after a bout of acute diarrhea or gastroenteritis. Little is known about the immunopathogenesis of these two forms of IBS. We evaluated various biomarkers in clinical samples of ID-IBS and PI-IBS patients with the goal to test the hypothesis that the immunologic presentations of these forms of IBS are similar, despite their apparent different etiologic origins. Sera and stool samples from PI-IBS, ID-IBS, and healthy volunteers were analyzed for relative amounts of 36 different biomarkers using the Proteome Profiler Human Cytokine Array Panel A Kit and quantitative ELISA. Our results demonstrated significantly high levels of chemotactic chemokines monocytes chemotactic protein-1 (CCL2) [p-value = 0.003], macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (CCL4) [p-value = 0.010], and CXCL16 (p-value 0.001) in the sera and stools of both ID-IBS and PI-IBS patients. Furthermore, pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-1β, and TNF-α) were significantly higher in IBS patients. Anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IL-4, and IL-13) were variable except IL-10, which was significantly higher in the healthy volunteers than the IBS patients. Remarkably, the amounts and expression pattern of these biomarkers were not significantly different between ID-IBS and PI-IBS. Thus, ID-IBS and PI-IBS present similar immunologic and clinical phenotypes, in spite of their different etiologic origins.
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    ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex symptom-based disorder without established biomarkers or putative pathophysiology. IBS is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder which is defined as recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort that has at least two of the following symptoms for 3 d per month in the past 3 mo according to ROME III: relief by defecation, onset associated with a change in stool frequency or onset with change in appearance or form of stool. Recent discoveries revealed genetic polymorphisms in specific cytokines and neuropeptides may possibly influence the frequencies and severity of symptoms, as well as the therapeutic responses in treating IBS patients. This review gives new insights on how genetic determinations influence in clinical manifestations, treatment responses and potential biomarkers of IBS.
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May 30, 2014