Near-field Raman spectroscopy of biological nanomaterials by in situ laser-induced synthesis of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy tips.
ABSTRACT We report a new approach in tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) in which TERS-active tips with enhancement factors of ∼10(-5)× can be rapidly (1-3 min) produced in situ by laser-induced synthesis of silver nanoparticles at the tip apex. The technique minimizes the risks of tip contamination and damage during handling and provides in situ feedback control, which allows the prediction of the tip performance. We show that TERS tips produced by this technique enable the measurement of spatially resolved TERS spectra of self-assembled peptide nanotubes with a spatial resolution of ∼20 nm.
- SourceAvailable from: Erik J Sánchez[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present near-field Raman spectroscopy and imaging of single isolated single-walled carbon nanotubes with a spatial resolution of approximately 25 nm. The near-field origin of the image contrast is confirmed by the measured dependence of the Raman scattering signal on tip-sample distance and the unique polarization properties. The method is used to study local variations in the Raman spectrum along a single single-walled carbon nanotube.Physical Review Letters 04/2003; 90(9):095503. · 7.94 Impact Factor
- Angewandte Chemie International Edition 02/2008; 47(9):1658-61. · 13.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Finite element (FE) models were built to define the optimal experimental conditions for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) of thin samples. TERS experimental conditions were mimicked by including in the FE models dielectric or metallic substrates with thin dielectric samples and by considering the wavelength dependence of the dielectric properties for the metallic materials. Electromagnetic coupling between the substrate/sample and the SPM tips led to dramatic changes of both the spatial distribution and magnitude of the scattered electric field which depended on the substrate dielectric permittivity and excitation wavelength. Raman scattering as high as 10(8) with a spatial resolution of approximately 8 nm was estimated for gold SPM tips and gold substrate when excitation is performed at 532 nm (near-resonance wavelength). For dielectric samples (approximately 4 nm thick), the enhancement of Raman scattering intensity is estimated at approximately 10(5); this does not depend significantly on the sample dielectric permittivity for dielectric samples. These results suggest that TERS experimental conditions should be estimated and optimized for every individual application considering the geometric factors and electric properties of the materials involved. Such optimizations could enlarge the range of applications for TERS to samples eliciting weaker intrinsic Raman scattering, such as biological samples.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 09/2005; 109(33):15699-706. · 3.61 Impact Factor