Patterns of metastasis in women with metachronous contralateral breast cancer

King's College London, School of Medicine, Division of Cancer Studies, Cancer Epidemiology Group, Research Oncology, 3rd Floor, Bermondsey Wing London, Guy's Hospital, London SE1 9RT, UK.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.82). 06/2012; 107(2):221-3. DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2012.273
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The understanding of metastatic patterns after metachronous contralateral breast cancer (CBC) may help determine the biological nature of CBC.
A cohort of 8478 women with breast cancer treated at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust between 1975 and 2006 were studied. Organ-specific 5-year cumulative incidence and incidence rate ratios were assessed for women diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer (UBC), CBC within 5 years and CBC more than 5 years of the initial diagnosis.
Women diagnosed with CBC within 5 years had a higher incidence of metastases in all organs compared with UBC. Women with a short interval time to CBC developed metastasis more rapidly and were more likely to develop visceral and distant cutaneous metastases compared with bone metastasis.
These findings explain poor prognosis of women with early occurring CBC and suggest that some of these CBCs are indicators of aggressive and/or systemic disease.

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Available from: Ian S Fentiman, Mar 19, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: To compare overall survival between women with unilateral breast cancer (UBC) and contralateral breast cancer (CBC). Women with UBC (N = 182,562; 95 %) and CBC (N = 8,912; 5 %) recorded in the Netherlands Cancer Registry between 1989 and 2008 were included and followed until 2010. We incorporated CBC as a time-dependent covariate to compute the overall mortality rate ratio between women with CBC and UBC. Prognostic factors for overall death were examined according to age at first breast cancer. Women with CBC exhibited a 30 % increase in overall mortality (Hazard Ratio (HR), 95 % Confidence Interval: 1.3, 1.3-1.4) compared with UBC, decreasing with rising age at diagnosis of first breast cancer (<50 years: 2.3, 2.2-2.5 vs. ≥70 years: 1.1, 1.0-1.1). Women older than 50 years at CBC diagnosis and diagnosed 2-5 years after their first breast cancer exhibited a 20 % higher death risk (1.2, 1.0-1.3) compared to those diagnosed within the first 2 years. In women younger than 50 years, the HR was significantly lower if the CBC was diagnosed >5 years after the first breast cancer (0.7, 0.5-0.9). The prognosis for women with CBC significantly improved over time (2004-2008: 0.6, 0.5-0.7 vs. 1989-1993). Women with CBC had a lower survival compared to women with UBC, especially those younger than 50 years at first breast cancer diagnosis. A tailored follow-up strategy beyond current recommendations is needed for these patients who, because of their age and absence of known familial risk, are currently not invited for population-based screening.
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