The impact of the unfolded protein response on human disease

Degenerative Disease Research Program, Neuroscience, Aging, and Stem Cell Research Center, Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
The Journal of Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 9.69). 06/2012; 197(7):857-67. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201110131
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A central function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is to coordinate protein biosynthetic and secretory activities in the cell. Alterations in ER homeostasis cause accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins in the ER. To maintain ER homeostasis, eukaryotic cells have evolved the unfolded protein response (UPR), an essential adaptive intracellular signaling pathway that responds to metabolic, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response pathways. The UPR has been implicated in a variety of diseases including metabolic disease, neurodegenerative disease, inflammatory disease, and cancer. Signaling components of the UPR are emerging as potential targets for intervention and treatment of human disease.

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Available from: Randal J Kaufman, Jun 19, 2015
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