Rectal Imaging: Part 2, Perianal Fistula Evaluation on Pelvic MRI-What the Radiologist Needs to Know
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of pelvic MRI for the evaluation of perianal fistulas, with a description of the technique, illustration of relevant normal anatomy, and examples of various fistula types. CONCLUSION: MRI evaluation of perianal fistulas can be challenging, and knowledge of relevant pelvic anatomy and fistula classification remains crucial in the diagnosis. MRI is highly accurate for fistula depiction and, by providing an accurate assessment of disease status and extension, can help surgical planning to minimize recurrence and detect clinically unapparent disease.
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ABSTRACT: Background Perianal fistulas are malformations of the anorectal area. Accurate preoperative assessment of perianal fistula tract is a main assumption in diagnosis of the disease, affecting the operation efficiency. The aim of the study was to present our experience in application of a new diagnostic protocol based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination using a mixture of hydrogen peroxide (HP) and gadolinium as a direct contrast medium in evaluation of recurrent fistulas tract. The method is referred to as HPMRI. Material/Methods The study group consisted of 12 subjects operated on from 2011. Direct HPMRI fistulography was performed in all subjects before the operation. All types of fistulas were precisely evaluated by HPMRI examination. Results Intraoperative state confirmed complete course of fistulas in 11 cases. In 1 case, an internal opening was not found. Conclusions We suggest that this new method of direct HPMRI fistulography may improve visualization of the tracts of recurrent fistulas and improve efficacy of surgical procedures.Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 02/2015; 21:439-45. DOI:10.12659/MSM.891232 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) has been widely accepted as a popular imaging modality for Epub ahead of print evaluating the lower rectum, anal sphincters, and pelvic floor in patients with various anorectal diseases. It provides excellent visualization of the layers of the rectal wall and of the anatomy of the anal canal. TRUS is an accurate tool for the staging of primary rectal cancer, especially for early stages. Although magnetic resonance imaging is a modality complementary to TRUS with advantages for evaluating the mesorectum, external sphincter, and deep pelvic inflammation, three-dimensional ultrasonography improves the detection and characterization of perianal fistulas and therefore plays a crucial role in optimal treatment planning. The operator should be familiar with the anatomy of the rectum and pelvic structures relevant to the preoperative evaluation of rectal cancer and other anal canal diseases, and should have technical proficiency in the use of TRUS combined with an awareness of its limitations compared to magnetic resonance imaging.11/2014; DOI:10.14366/usg.14051
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ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance (MR) enterography is an increasingly important pediatric imaging modality that is most often used to evaluate inflammatory bowel disease ( IBD inflammatory bowel disease ), while sparing children and adolescents from potential risks of ionizing radiation exposure. MR enterography allows for evaluation of the bowel lumen and wall, adjacent mesentery and soft tissues, as well as a variety of extraintestinal abdominopelvic IBD inflammatory bowel disease manifestations. While MR enterography can be used to initially confirm the diagnosis of IBD inflammatory bowel disease , particularly small bowel Crohn disease, it has also proven useful in assessing the degree inflammatory activity over time, serving as a radiologic biomarker for response to medical therapy, and identifying a variety of disease-related complications, including strictures, fistulae, and abscesses. The purpose of this review article is to provide radiologists with a systematic approach for MR enterography review and interpretation in children and adolescents with known or suspected of having IBD inflammatory bowel disease and to illustrate both common and infrequent but important imaging findings. Additionally, the authors will present their well-established and clinically successful pediatric MR enterography protocol, up-to-date clinical indications for MR enterography, and briefly mention the role of MR enterography in assessing non- IBD inflammatory bowel disease abnormalities affecting the bowel. Online supplemental material is available for this article . © RSNA, 2015.Radiology 01/2015; 274(1):29-43. DOI:10.1148/radiol.14122449 · 6.21 Impact Factor