Robot-assisted laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy versus open pancreaticoduodenectomy - A comparative study.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Traditionally, pancreatic surgery is considered as one of the most complex surgeries. The recently developed robotic technology allows surgeons to perform pancreaticoduodenectomy. A comparative study was undertaken to study outcomes between robotic approach and open approach. METHODS: A consecutive patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (robotic approach, n = 20; open approach = 67) between January 2000 and February 2012 at a single institution were analyzed. RESULTS: The robotic group had a significantly longer operative time (mean, 491.5 vs. 264.9 min), reduced blood loss (mean, 247 vs. 774.8 ml), and shorter hospital stay (mean, 13.7 vs. 25.8 days) compared to the open group. Open conversion rate was 5%. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of overall complication rates, mortality rates, R0 resection rate and harvested lymph node numbers. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that robot-assisted laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy was safe and feasible in appropriately selected patients. However, it is too early to draw definitive conclusions about the value of robot-assisted laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy. In light of remaining uncertainties regarding short-term and long-term outcome, caution should be exercised in the assessment of the appropriateness of this operation for individual patient.
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is gaining momentum, but there is still uncertainty regarding its safety, reproducibility, and oncologic appropriateness. This review assesses the current status of LPD.Surgical endoscopy. 08/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery is in its infancy despite initial procedures reported two decades ago. Both laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) can be performed competently; however when minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approaches are implemented the indication is often benign or low-grade malignant pathologies. Nonetheless, LDP and LPD afford improved perioperative outcomes, similar to those observed when MIS is utilized for other purposes. This includes decreased blood loss, shorter length of hospital stay, reduced post-operative pain, and expedited time to functional recovery. What then is its role for resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma? The biology of this aggressive cancer and the inherent challenge of pancreatic surgery have slowed MIS progress in this field. In general, the overall quality of evidence is low with a lack of randomized control trials, a preponderance of uncontrolled series, short follow-up intervals, and small sample sizes in the studies available. Available evidence compiles heterogeneous pathologic diagnoses and is limited by case-by-case follow-up, which makes extrapolation of results difficult. Nonetheless, short-term surrogate markers of oncologic success, such as margin status and lymph node harvest, are comparable to open procedures. Unfortunately disease recurrence and long-term survival data are lacking. In this review we explore the evidence available regarding laparoscopic resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, a promising approach for future widespread application.World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 10/2014; 20(39):14255-14262.
Article: Robotic surgery of the pancreas.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pancreatic surgery is one of the most challenging and complex fields in general surgery. While minimally invasive surgery has become the standard of care for many intra-abdominal pathologies the overwhelming majority of pancreatic surgery is performed in an open fashion. This is attributed to the retroperitoneal location of the pancreas, its intimate relationship to major vasculature and the complexity of reconstruction in the case of pancreatoduodenectomy. Herein, we describe the application of robotic technology to minimally invasive pancreatic surgery. The unique capabilities of the robotic platform have made the minimally invasive approach feasible and safe with equivalent if not better outcomes (e.g., decreased length of stay, less surgical site infections) to conventional open surgery. However, it is unclear whether the robotic approach is truly superior to traditional laparoscopy; this is a key point given the substantial costs associated with procuring and maintaining robotic capabilities.World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 10/2014; 20(40):14726-14732.