Neurologia medico-chirurgica is an international publi-
cation covering primarily neurosurgery, but also including
studies in related fields such as neurology and other neuro-
sciences. Contributions of original articles in English from
any country are welcome. The categories of papers are Orig-
inal Articles, Case Reports, Technical Notes, Rapid Commu-
nications, Special Topics, and Review Articles.
Submission of Manuscripts
□ Authors must submit their manuscripts through the
homepage at http://jns.umin.ac.jp/public/magazine/
magazine.html. All submissions must follow the in-
structions and advice on how to submit manuscripts,
which is available at the web site.
□? Total file size is limited to ≤ 20 MB including figures
□? The manuscript file must be submitted as a Microsoft
Word file, including title page, abstract, text, COI disclo-
sure, references, and figure legends. Number all pages
consecutively in this order.
□? The manuscripts should be typed double-spaced
throughout with ≥ 12-point type face, formatted for A4
paper leaving margins of at least 2.5 cm (1 inch).
□? Figures and tables must NOT be embedded within the
manuscript file. Tables must be submitted as either Mi-
crosoft Word or Excel files, NOT converted into images.
Figures must be submitted as JPEG, PNG, or GIF files.
Related illustrations should be grouped into one figure
on one page.
□? The affidavit following the instructions must be com-
pleted and signed by all authors, and submitted with
□? Authors of revised manuscripts must submit a detailed
point-by-point response to the reviewers’ comments in
the field of Response to Decision Letter, and upload
both the previous manuscript with the revised parts
highlighted (e.g., underlined or red text), and the re-
□ Experimental studies on animals must include a state-
ment that the studies meet appropriate ethical stand-
ards of the responsible committee. The authors should
state in the text whether the procedures followed in
experiments on human subjects were conducted in ac-
cordance with the ethical standards of the responsible
committee on human experimentation (institutional or
regional review board) or with the Declaration of Hel-
sinki 1964, and its later amendments. The authors
should also obtain written informed consent from sub-
ject included in the study, and state such information
in the text. A PDF of the statement of approval of the
study by institutional or regional review board should
be attached. Details in the text, figures, photographs
that might disclose identity of subjects should be omit-
ted to preserve subjects’ anonymity. The Editors re-
serve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply
with the Journal’s ethical standards. The authors are
responsible when any faulty statement is disclosed.
Randomized Controlled Trial Registry:
□ All randomized controlled trials submitted for publi-
cation in the NMC should complete registration to one
of 5 ICMJE-approved public trial registries (www.umin.
ac.jp/ctr/index/htm, www.ClinicalTrials.gov, www.actr.
org.au, www.ISRCTN.org, or www.trialregister.nl). Tri-
als must be registered at or before the onset of patient
enrollment. Authors should describe the registration
number at the end of the abstract and in the session of
Materials and Methods of the text.
Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses:
□ Systematic reviews and meta-analyses must be report-
ed according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items
for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guide-
lines, an evidence-based minimum set of items for re-
porting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
Conflicts of Interest (COI):
□ All authors must disclose any financial and personal
relationships with other people or organizations that
could inappropriately influence their work. Examples
of potential conflicts of interest include employment-
consultancy relationship, stock ownership, honoraria,
paid expert testimony, patent applications/registra-
tions, and grants or other funding, etc. All members of
Japan Neurosurgical Society (JNS) should make decla-
ration of COI every year to the JNS Office.
The title page should carry the following:
□ Concise but informative title of the article, should be
capitalized only the first letter of the words except for
conjunctions, articles, or prepositions unless the first
word of the title. Chemical formulas or abbreviations
should not be used, but long common terms such as
names of compounds or enzymes can be abbreviated.
□ All authors’ full names without academic degrees.
□ Full names of the department(s) and institution(s) in
which the research was done, together with the location
(city, state, and nation). If the article has several authors
from different institutions, it should be clearly indicat-
ed with which department and institution each author
is affiliated using superscript numbers.
□ Key words, limited to five words or short phrases, taken
from Index Medicus or composed by analogy on the
□ A brief running head, not to exceed 60 characters (count
letters and spaces). Abbreviations defined in the text
can be used.
□ Corresponding author’s name, full address, telephone
and fax numbers, and e-mail address.
□ Not exceed 250 words (approximately 1 page of A4) in
□ State the purpose of the investigation, then describe the
study design or experimental procedure, main findings
or major contributions, and finally the specific conclu-
sion or recommendation, in a single paragraph without
□ Provide enough information for the Abstract to be easily
understood without reference to the text, and empha-
size new and important aspects of the study.
□ Avoid nonstandard abbreviations, unfamiliar terms or
symbols, and laboratory jargon. Abbreviations should
be kept to an absolute minimum; but if necessary, they
must be spelled out at first mention. Standard metric
units (mm, cm, ml, l, mg, g, msec, sec, min, hr, etc.) can
be used throughout without definition.
Structure of Original Articles:
□ Give concise background information relevant to the
study and the questions the study seeks to answer. The
readers should be able to understand why the study was
Materials and Methods:
□ Describe subjects, materials, and methods used, includ-
Instructions for Authors Submitting Manuscripts to Neurologia medico-chirurgica
ing experimental design or procedures, in sufficient de-
tail to enable the readers to evaluate and/or reproduce
the results. Subjects should be described appropriately
to show that the control and experimental groups con-
tained matched subjects.
□ Designate drugs by their generic names; but for particu-
lar chemicals or equipments, the brand names and loca-
tions of the supplier (city, state, and nation) should be
given in parentheses.
□ Describe statistical methods and details of randomiza-
tion or blinded observations. Specify the numbers of
observations made and individuals who could not be
followed up until the end of the study.
□ Protect patient anonymity by avoiding details that
might identify patients unless essential for scientific
purposes. Masking of the eye region in photographs of
patients may be inadequate. If identification of patients
is unavoidable, written permission should be obtained.
□ Include only the data and illustrative materials that are
pertinent to the subject of the article.
□ Avoid repetition of all the data in the tables or illustra-
tions in the text, but do emphasize or summarize impor-
tant trends or observations.
□ Avoid duplicate presentation of the same data in both
tabular and graphic forms.
□ Interpret the present data concisely, giving particular
attention to the question or hypothesis posed in the In-
troduction section. Information presented in the previ-
ous sections should not be repeated.
□ Include discussion of previous works that not only agree
but also disagree with the present results.
□ State the conclusions or recommendations that can be
directly drawn from the present results. Logical impli-
cations of the present findings for practical applications
or future studies are permissible, but unsubstantiated
speculations must not be included.
□ State personal or institutional contributions, and finan-
cial or material support. Supply full information for na-
ture of support (technical help, critical review, data col-
lection, and participation in clinical trial), number of
grants-in-aid, and name and location of institution or
Conflicts of Interest Disclosure:
□ All authors must state any actual or potential conflicts
of interest with regard to the manuscript submitted for
review under a heading of “Conflicts of Interest Dis-
closure’’ following the “Acknowledgment’’ section.
Authors should also state if there are no conflicts of
interest. In addition, authors who are members of The
Japan Neurosurgical Society (JNS) must include a
statement whether or not all authors have registered
online Self-reported COI Disclosure Statement Forms
through the website for JNS members.
Case Reports: Concise case report(s) may be accepted if im-
portant and educational. Case reports are published in NMC
Case Report Journal except the articles which are recom-
mended to be collected in Neurologia medico-chirurgica by
Technical Notes: New techniques or significant modifica-
tions of techniques that are directly applicable to clinical
practice or research are considered.
Rapid Communications: A short, concise summary of high-
ly significant findings requiring immediate publication can
be submitted. Concentrate on the actual findings, and avoid
extensive arguments or general discussion.
Special Topics: Social or ethical items related to neurosur-
gery, neurology, and neurosciences, such as cost-effective
analysis or medical training issues, can be reported.
Review Articles: A review article providing timely or critical
discussion about present status and directions for future re-
search may be prepared at the invitation of or after discus-
sion with the Editorial Board.
□ Number references consecutively in the order cited in
the text, not alphabetically. If no person or organization
can be identified as the author and no editors or transla-
tors are given, begin the reference with the title of the
article. Do not use anonymous.
□ All the references should be cited in the article as super-
script numbers followed by a closing parentheses. Pa-
pers accepted but not yet published can be included in
the reference list, but papers in preparation, unpub-
lished observations, and personal communication
should be noted in parentheses in the text.
□ The journal name should be abbreviated as in Index
Medicus, but full name be provided if it is not registered
in the Index Medicus.
1) Albright AL, Barry MJ, Painter MJ, Shultz B: Infusion of intrath-
ecal baclofen for generalized dystonia in cerebral palsy. J Neu-
rosurg 88: 73–76, 1998
2) Donegan J: Anesthesia for pediatric neurosurgery, in Cottrell J,
Turndorf H (eds): Anesthesia and Neurosurgery. St Louis, CV
Mosby, 1986, pp 173–187
3) Russell DS, Rubinstein LJ: Pathology of Tumours of the Nervous
System, ed 5. London, Edward Arnold, 1989
4) Tanaka T, Yonemasu Y, Olivier A, Andermann F: [Clinical anal-
ysis of reoperation in cases of complex partial seizure]. No
Shinkei Geka 17: 933–937, 1989 (Japanese)
□ Cite all figures in the text, and number consecutively in
the order cited in the text.
□ Titles and detailed explanations should be given in the
legends, not on the figures. All abbreviations used in
each figure should be explained in each legend.
□ Figure legends should provide a brief, self-sufficient ex-
planation of the illustrations. Describe the staining
method and original magnification for photomicro-
graphs, and bar measurements for electron micrographs.
□ If a figure has already been published, obtain permis-
sion to reproduce or modify from the copyright holder,
and acknowledge the original source in the legend.
□ Color photographs can be accepted if the author is will-
ing to pay for the extra cost (about ¥ 50,000–55,000 for
□ Cite all tables in the text, and number consecutively ac-
cording to appearance in the text.
□ Type each table on a separate page, supplying a brief ti-
tle and explanatory footnotes. All abbreviations used in
each table should be explained in the footnotes.
□ Each column must carry an appropriate heading, and
units in numerical measurements should be added to
the column heading in parentheses.
□ If data can be described in one or two sentences in the
text, do not present them in a table.
Correspondence concerning editorial problems should
be addressed to:
Susumu Miyamoto, M.D., Editor-in-Chief
The Editorial Office of The Japan Neurosurgical Society
Ishikawa Bldg. 4F, 5 – 25 – 16 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo 113 – 0033, Japan
journal’s online manuscript submission site: