To review local CT colonography (CTC) data with regard to demographics, and both colonic and extracolonic findings. To improve performance by identifying any deficiencies that need to be addressed, in relation to a literature review of the current status of CTC.
A retrospective observational analysis was conducted of all the patients undergoing CTC for the 3-year period from 9 August 2007 - 12 August 2010 (n=302) conducted at a single site: Greenlane Hospital (ADHB outpatients).
In total, 12 of the 302 patients (4%) were found to have cancer, 24 polyps (8%), and 111 diverticular disease (37%). 21 patients (7%) were referred on for optical colonoscopy following their CTC, and 34 patients (11%) had follow-up recommendations resulting from extracolonic findings, including 24 recommendations for further imaging. A trend towards under-representation of both Māori and Pacific Island groups undergoing CTC, and over-representation of Asians was identified.
This study has reported on the experience of CT colonography at Greenlane Hospital over a 3-year period. It has provided important local data on rates of detection of colonic pathology. Māori and Pacific Islanders need encouragement from primary health practitioners to present for bowel examination.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of colonic diverticula according to age, gender, distribution, disease extension and symptoms with CT colonography (CTC).
The study population included 1091 consecutive patients who underwent CTC. Patients with diverticula were retrospectively stratified according to age, gender, clinical symptoms and colonic segment involvement. Extension of colonic diverticula was evaluated using a three-point quantitative scale. Using this data, a multivariate regression analysis was applied to investigate the existence of any correlation among variables.
Colonic diverticula were observed in 561 patients (240 men, mean age 68 ± 12 years). Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) was present in 47.4 % of cases. In 25.6 % of patients ≤40 years, at least one diverticulum in the colon was observed. Prevalence of right-sided diverticula in patients >60 years was 14.2 % in caecum and 18.5 % in ascending colon. No significant difference was found between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients regarding diverticula prevalence and extension. No correlation was present between diverticula extension and symptoms.
The incidence of colonic diverticula appears to be greater than expected. Right colon diverticula do not appear to be an uncommon finding, with their prevalence increasing with patient age. SUDD does not seem to be related to diverticula distribution and extension.
• Incidence of colonic diverticula appears to be greater than expected. • Right colon diverticula do not appear to be an uncommon finding. • SUDD does not seem to be related to diverticula distribution and extension.
European Radiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00330-015-3866-1 · 4.01 Impact Factor
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