Electrochemical immunoassay for CD10 antigen using scanning electrochemical microscopy.
ABSTRACT In the present study, a scanning electrochemical microscopic (SECM) method for imaging of antigen/antibody binding was proposed using CD10 antigen as the model. On the basis of anti-CD10 modified electrode, an electrochemical immunosensor for sensitive detection of CD10 antigen at low potential was developed by a multiple signal amplification strategy. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) served as carriers to load more secondary antibodies (Ab(2)) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The tip ultramicroelectrode was used to monitor the reduction current, and the 3-D images were obtained simultaneously. Under optimized conditions, the approach provided a linear response range from 1.0 × l0(-11) to 6.0 × l0(-11) M with a detection limit of 4.38 × 10(-12)M. SECM is a versatile system that can be used not only for quantitative current analysis but also for topographic imaging of binding reaction. In addition, specific binding of antigen-antibody could also be continuously and successfully monitored by SECM. This immunoassay provides a sensitive approach for detecting tumor marker, and has potential application in clinical diagnostics.