Effects of gold sodium thiomalate and tenidap sodium (CP‐66,248–2) on a model of macrophage differentiation using HL‐60 cells
ABSTRACT We studied the effects of gold sodium thiomalate (GST) and a new antirheumatic drug, tenidap sodium ([Z]-5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-3-[hydroxy-2-thienylmethylene]-2-oxo-1H-indole-1-carboxamide, sodium salt), previously known as CP-66,248–2, in a model system of macrophage differentiation using a myelomonocytic cell line. HL-60 cells can be stimulated by vitamin D3 to differentiate along a monocytic pathway. Monocytic HL-60 cells express CD14 (Leu-M3), a macrophage surface marker, and develop the capacity to produce the second complement component (C2) in response to stimulation with cytokines such as γ-interferon. The effects of GST and tenidap sodium were compared with the effects of dexamethasone and a variety of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in this model system. We found that GST inhibited the capacity of HL-60 cells to produce C2 but did not inhibit the expression of CD14. Tenidap sodium inhibited C2 production as well as CD14 expression, and it partially reversed the decrease in 3H-thymidine incorporation by HL-60 cells, which accompanies monocytic differentiation. At concentrations that inhibited C2 production by HL-60 cells, tenidap sodium did not inhibit C2 production by monocytes. Neither dexamethasone nor the other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs tested possessed these activities. Thus, both GST and tenidap inhibit markers of monocytic differentiation in HL-60 cells, and this activity may relate to their antirheumatic activities.
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ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are autoimmune disorders with a preponderance in females. RA and SLE differ in their response to sex hormones. Disease development of RA is mitigated by estrogen and pregnancy whereas SLE tends to flare during pregnancy and in response to estrogen. Pregnancy improves the symptoms of RA in about 75% of pregnant patients, but relapses within six months postpartum in 90% of cases. RA is regarded as a T cell-mediated and TH1 immune response-driven disease. Pregnancy induces a shift from TH1 to TH2 immune response, increasing the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10, which may contribute to gestational amelioration of RA. Prospective studies of SLE pregnancies indicate that about 50% of patients experience a flare, however, with no permanent aggravation of the disease. Lupus nephritis, presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, and a previous history of pregnancy loss increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and fetal loss. The marked increase of estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy seems to enhance some of the manifestations of SLE. The shift to a TH2 immune response may trigger SLE manifestations that are dependent on humoral immune responses such as lupus nephritis. Another factor stimulating immune responses is the pituitary hormone prolactin, which has been found elevated in SLE patients of both sexes and correlated to disease activity in several studies. The hyperprolactinemia of lactation seems to influence postpartum behavior of SLE as well as RA.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 07/1999; 876:131-43; discussion 144. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We studied the effect of tenidap sodium, a new antiinflammatory/antirheumatic drug (120 mg/day for 7 days), on eicosanoid production and neutrophil degranulation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Endogenous prostaglandin E2 levels and ex vivo production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) were measured in synovial fluid samples obtained at baseline and 1 week later. We measured peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) degranulation following surface-bound IgG stimulation, a possible 5-lipoxygenase product–mediated event, by determining lactoferrin and elastase release into the culture fluid. We found decreased levels of endogenous prostaglandin E2 as measured by radioimmunoassay, and decreased ex vivo production of LTB4 by PMN as measured by high performance liquid chromatography, in synovial fluid samples from patients who took tenidap. Release of the granule proteins lactoferrin and elastase was decreased in PMN obtained from patients receiving tenidap, as well as in the PMN incubated in vitro with tenidap. Improvement in clinical measures paralleled the biochemical changes. The unique 5-lipoxygenase inhibitory property of tenidap, as measured by LTB4 production and degranulation, suggests that it may have clinical activity which differentiates it from nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.Arthritis & Rheumatology 12/2005; 34(2):204 - 210. · 7.48 Impact Factor
- Arthritis & Rheumatology 12/1996; 39(11):1932-4. · 7.48 Impact Factor