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ABUSE OF POWER: ANDREW JACKSON AND THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT OF 1830

Alfred A. Cave is a professor of history at the University of Toledo.
Historian 12/2003; 65(6):1330 - 1353. DOI: 10.1111/j.0018-2370.2003.00055.x
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    • "In this environment, ''Indian-hating mobs'' in Georgia engaged in widespread vigilantism against Cherokees and Creeks, burning Indian 268 G. Fields crops and homes while government officials looked the other way (Cave 2003, p. 1337). Though not inflicted directly on the body, this legallyinspired violence reconfigured the geography of Indian bodies as terrorized Indians removed themselves from the landscape and made their way West. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study seeks to explain the origins of two types of violence occurring on the Palestinian landscape, the erasure of Palestinian farms and the demolition of Palestinian homes. Such violence has two sources. One source derives from an enduring practice of meaningmaking about geographical places that has inspired groups with territorial ambitions to seize control of the landscapes they covet and is referred to by Edward Said as the crafting of ‘‘imaginative geographies.’’ The second source focuses on changes in property rights that follow when groups with territorial ambitions succeed in seizing control of coveted land. It is the imagined geography of Palestine as a homeland for the Jewish people, first framed by Zionists of the late 19th century and absorbed into the practices of Israeli state-building, and the changes in property rights inscribed into the Palestinian landscape following Zionist and Israeli military conquests in 1948 and 1967, that lie at the core of violence directed against the Palestinian farm and home today. This process of imagination, legal transformation, and violence is part of a longstanding lineage of dispossession that includes the English enclosures and the taking of land from Amerindians on the Anglo-American colonial frontier.
    Journal of Cultural Geography 10/2012; 29(3). DOI:10.1080/08873631.2012.726430
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    • "Hearing of the Act, many Indians exercised their alleged right to refuse relocation. Governor Wilson Lumpkin of Georgia wrote to President Jackson, regarding the Indians who refused to relocate, " If now they refuse to accept the liberal terms offered, they only must be responsible for whatever evils and difficulties may arise… starvation and destruction await them if they remain much longer in their present abodes " (Cave, 2003, p. 1340). The United States government then intervened by passing the Treaty of New Echota in 1836; a " forced removal " by the United States Army followed (McNickle, 1957, p. 10). "
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