The lymphoid system: Its normal architecture and the potential for understanding the system through the study of lymphoproliferative disease
ABSTRACT This article presents a view of lymphoid tissue architecture as defined by the traffic of defined lymphoid cell classes. The compartmentalization of lymphocytes is discussed in reference to specific cell-cell interactions that occur in antigen-driven immune responses. Finally, the distribution of normal and neoplastic lymphocytes in humans is defined and compared with animal model systems.
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ABSTRACT: B leukemia cells from four different patients were hybridized with a mouse myeloma cell line with polyethylene glycol as a fusing agent. The original leukemia cells all expressed immunoglobulin on their surface, but failed to secrete it. Over 200 different human-mouse somatic cell hybrids were obtained; 57% of them secreted human immunoglobulin in large amounts. Human immunoglobulin secretion can be a stable property of these hybrid cells over months of continuous culture. In each case the human immunoglobulin secreted was restricted to the light chain type expressed by the parental B leukemia cell. In addition, these hybrid cells secreted the original mouse myeloma protein and a variety of mixed human-mouse immunoglobulin molecules.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/1978; 75(5):2411-5. DOI:10.1073/pnas.75.5.2411 · 9.81 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine 09/1978; 299(5):257-8. DOI:10.1056/NEJM197808032990517 · 54.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ten consecutive diffuse histiocytic lymphoma (DHL) cell lines established in our laboratory were studied for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes, lysozyme, nonspecific esterase and other cytochemical reactions, phagocytic activity, cytoplasmic immunoglobulin light and heavy chains, and surface receptors to sheep erythrocytes, complement, and the Fc fragment of immunoglobulin. In agreement with previous studies performed on biopsy specimens, our results indicate that the diffuse histiocytic lymphomas, as a histopathologic entity, represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, the majority of which are B-lymphocyte in origin. The cell lines appear to fall into three categories based on the following criteria: 1) presence of monoclonal cytoplasmic immunoglobulins (B-lymphocytic type, 6/10 cell lines); 2) presence of non-specific esterase, phagocytic activity, and/or lysozyme (histiocytic type, 2/10 cell lines); and 3) absence of all lymphoid and histiocytic cell characteristics (null cell type, 2/10 cell lines). Despite the fact that many of the lymphoma patients had positive serologies to EBV antigens, all of the DHL cell lines were negative for the presence of EBV genomes. Both of the two B-lymphocytic type and one of the two histiocytic type lines tested were susceptible to infection with EBV, as indicated by synthesis of early antigen and also, in a small proportion of the infected cells, of viral capsid antigen. These prototypic DHL cell lines may permit the development of new criteria for the differential diagnosis and treatment of this highly malignant and diverse group of lymphomas. Cancer 42:2379–2391, 1978.Cancer 11/1978; 42(5):2379 - 2391. DOI:10.1002/1097-0142(197811)42:5<2379::AID-CNCR2820420539>3.0.CO;2-4 · 4.90 Impact Factor