Activities of daily living in persons with intellectual disability: Strengths and limitations in specific motor and process skills
ABSTRACT As there is a wide range of abilities among clients with intellectual disability, occupational therapists should use assessments of activities of daily living that specify clients’ strengths and limitations to guide and target interventions. The aim of the present study was to examine if activities of daily living performance skills differ between adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability. Three hundred and forty-eight participants with either mild intellectual disability (n = 178) or moderate intellectual disability (n = 170) were assessed using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to examine the quality of their activities of daily living skills. The overall activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process hierarchies of skill item difficulties remained stable between groups. Although participants with moderate intellectual disability had more difficulty overall with activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process skills, they were able to carry out some of these activities equally as well as participants with mild intellectual disability. The findings are discussed in relation to the planning of specific interventions to improve the ability of clients with intellectual disability to carry out activities of daily living.
- OTJR Occupation Participation Health 06/2008; 28(3):121-132. · 0.80 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are any differences in awareness of ability between persons with left and right hemispheric stroke. Methods: The sample consisted of data from the Assessment of Awareness of Ability (A³) database, primarily consisting of clients admitted to occupational therapy services. In total the study included 183 data records from clients, 78 with left and 105 with right hemispheric stroke. Awareness of ability was assessed using the Assessment of Awareness of Ability (A³). Differences in awareness were investigated using t-tests, CI, effect size, and differential item functioning. Results: No significant overall mean difference (t-test = 1.31, p = 0.19) in awareness between left and right hemispheric stroke was identified. However, significant differences (p < 0.05) were identified on three specific items included in the A³. In these cases, persons with right hemispheric stroke showed a more limited awareness. Conclusion: Persons with right hemispheric stroke have more pronounced problems with being aware of limitations in specific ADL performance skills compared with persons with left hemispheric stroke.Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 08/2012; · 1.13 Impact Factor
- OTJR Occupation Participation Health 03/2008; 28(2):72-80. · 0.80 Impact Factor