Activities of daily living in persons with intellectual disability: Strengths and limitations in specific motor and process skills
ABSTRACT As there is a wide range of abilities among clients with intellectual disability, occupational therapists should use assessments of activities of daily living that specify clients’ strengths and limitations to guide and target interventions. The aim of the present study was to examine if activities of daily living performance skills differ between adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability. Three hundred and forty-eight participants with either mild intellectual disability (n = 178) or moderate intellectual disability (n = 170) were assessed using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to examine the quality of their activities of daily living skills. The overall activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process hierarchies of skill item difficulties remained stable between groups. Although participants with moderate intellectual disability had more difficulty overall with activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process skills, they were able to carry out some of these activities equally as well as participants with mild intellectual disability. The findings are discussed in relation to the planning of specific interventions to improve the ability of clients with intellectual disability to carry out activities of daily living.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are any differences in awareness of ability between persons with left and right hemispheric stroke. Methods: The sample consisted of data from the Assessment of Awareness of Ability (A³) database, primarily consisting of clients admitted to occupational therapy services. In total the study included 183 data records from clients, 78 with left and 105 with right hemispheric stroke. Awareness of ability was assessed using the Assessment of Awareness of Ability (A³). Differences in awareness were investigated using t-tests, CI, effect size, and differential item functioning. Results: No significant overall mean difference (t-test = 1.31, p = 0.19) in awareness between left and right hemispheric stroke was identified. However, significant differences (p < 0.05) were identified on three specific items included in the A³. In these cases, persons with right hemispheric stroke showed a more limited awareness. Conclusion: Persons with right hemispheric stroke have more pronounced problems with being aware of limitations in specific ADL performance skills compared with persons with left hemispheric stroke.Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 08/2012; · 1.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Occupational therapists' ability to develop diagnostic-specific ADL intervention strategies is facilitated by an understanding of the ADL abilities of diagnostic groups. To determine whether there are significant differences in ADL ability and ADL skill profiles between samples of persons with bipolar disorder depression (n=158), bipolar disorder mania (n=200), and schizophrenia (n=200). Methods. All participants were assessed using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Mean ADL ability and skill item calibrations were compared between the three diagnostic samples. No clinically significant differences were found in mean ADL ability. The ADL process skill item "Attends" was more difficult for those with bipolar disorder mania than for those with bipolar disorder depression. This difference did not disrupt the measurement model. The findings fail to support the idea that valid predictions of skill performance can be made on the basis of psychiatric diagnosis. Thus, occupational performance must be assessed individually. The findings also provide solid evidence that valid measures of ADL ability are generated when persons with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia complete the AMPS. Intervention strategies are recommended to address limitations in the skill Attends among persons with bipolar disorder manic episode.Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 01/2010; 17(1):77-85. · 1.05 Impact Factor
- Otjr-occupation Participation and Health - OTJR-OCCUP PARTICIP HEALTH. 01/2008; 28(2):72-80.