Activities of daily living in persons with intellectual disability: Strengths and limitations in specific motor and process skills
ABSTRACT As there is a wide range of abilities among clients with intellectual disability, occupational therapists should use assessments of activities of daily living that specify clients’ strengths and limitations to guide and target interventions. The aim of the present study was to examine if activities of daily living performance skills differ between adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability. Three hundred and forty-eight participants with either mild intellectual disability (n = 178) or moderate intellectual disability (n = 170) were assessed using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to examine the quality of their activities of daily living skills. The overall activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process hierarchies of skill item difficulties remained stable between groups. Although participants with moderate intellectual disability had more difficulty overall with activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process skills, they were able to carry out some of these activities equally as well as participants with mild intellectual disability. The findings are discussed in relation to the planning of specific interventions to improve the ability of clients with intellectual disability to carry out activities of daily living.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) and two types of assessment of level of mental retardation. The subjects were 22 adults from the United States and 39 adults from Sweden, all diagnosed with mental retardation. The subjects in each group were divided into three subgroups according to their level of mental retardation. The level of mental retardation was determined according to established criteria used in each country. They were then assessed using the AMPS to evaluate motor and process (organizational and adaptive) skills necessary for competent IADL task performance. The results showed that different methods of determining the level of mental retardation showed patterns similar to motor and process skills. The correlations were strongest between the Swedish method of assessing level of mental retardation and the AMPS. The correlations were stronger between level of mental retardation and process skills in both the Swedish and US groups. The results indicate a relationship between level of mental retardation and IADL ability, despite differences in assessments of level of mental retardation. The study recommends the use of the AMPS as a valid and sensitive instrument of IADL ability in the development of intervention strategies in occupational therapy for persons with mental retardation. Further studies with the AMPS are suggested in order to evaluate IADL skills in this population.07/2009; 2(3-4):121-128.
- Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum 02/1992; 139:84-9.
Article: Mental retardationsMental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews - MENTAL RETARD DEV DISABIL RES. 01/1998; 4(1):2-5.