Activities of daily living in persons with intellectual disability: Strengths and limitations in specific motor and process skills
ABSTRACT As there is a wide range of abilities among clients with intellectual disability, occupational therapists should use assessments of activities of daily living that specify clients’ strengths and limitations to guide and target interventions. The aim of the present study was to examine if activities of daily living performance skills differ between adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability. Three hundred and forty-eight participants with either mild intellectual disability (n = 178) or moderate intellectual disability (n = 170) were assessed using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to examine the quality of their activities of daily living skills. The overall activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process hierarchies of skill item difficulties remained stable between groups. Although participants with moderate intellectual disability had more difficulty overall with activities of daily living motor and activities of daily living process skills, they were able to carry out some of these activities equally as well as participants with mild intellectual disability. The findings are discussed in relation to the planning of specific interventions to improve the ability of clients with intellectual disability to carry out activities of daily living.
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ABSTRACT: Background The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) is often used to assess depressive symptoms among stroke patients, but more evidence is needed regarding its psychometric properties in this population. The purpose of this study was to assess the BDI-II's psychometric properties using a Rasch model application in a sample of patients 6 months after a first clinical stroke. Methods Data were collected prospectively from patient medical records and from questionnaires (with assistance if needed) as part of a longitudinal study of poststroke fatigue. Data from the 6- month follow-up were used in this analysis. The sample consisted of 106 patients with first-ever stroke recruited from two Norwegian hospitals between 2007 and 2008. Depressive symptoms were measured with the BDI-II. Rasch analysis was used to assess the BDI-II's psychometric properties in this sample. Results Five BDI-II items did not demonstrate acceptable goodness-of-fit to the Rasch model: items 10 (crying), 16 (changes in sleep), 17 (irritability), 18 (changes in appetite), and 21 (loss of interest in sex). If these 5 items were removed, the resulting 16-item version not only had fewer items, it also had better internal scale validity, person-response validity, and person-separation reliability than the original 21-item version in this sample of stroke survivors. Limitations The study did not include a clinical evaluation of depression. Conclusion A 16-item version of the BDI-II, omitting items 10, 16, 17, 18 and 21, may be more appropriate than the original 21-item BDI-II for use as a unidimensional measure of depression in patients following first-ever stroke.Journal of Affective Disorders 04/2014; 158. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2014.01.013 · 3.71 Impact Factor
- OTJR Occupation Participation Health 03/2008; 28(2):72-80. DOI:10.3928/15394492-20080301-04 · 0.80 Impact Factor