Adrenergic modulation of sharp wave‐ripple activity in rat hippocampal slices
ABSTRACT Norepinephrine (NE) has been shown to facilitate learning and memory by modulating synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus in vivo. During memory consolidation, transiently stored information is transferred from the hippocampus into the cortical mantle. This process is believed to depend on the generation of sharp wave-ripple complexes (SPW-Rs), during which previously stored information might be replayed. Here, we used rat hippocampal slices to investigate neuromodulatory effects of NE on SPW-Rs, induced by a standard long-term potentiation (LTP) protocol, in the CA3 and CA1. NE (10–50 μM) dose-dependently and reversibly suppressed the generation of SPW-Rs via activation of α1 adrenoreceptors, as indicated by the similar effects of phenylephrine (100 μM). In contrast, the unspecific β adrenoreceptor agonist isoproterenol (2 μM) significantly increased the incidence of SPW-Rs. Furthermore, β adrenoreceptor activation significantly facilitated induction of both LTP and SPW-Rs within the CA3 network. Suppression of SPW-Rs by NE was associated with a moderate hyperpolarization in the majority of CA3 pyramidal cells and with a reduction of presynaptic Ca2+ uptake in the stratum radiatum. This was indicated by activity-dependent changes in [Ca2+]o and Ca2+fluorescence signals, by changes in the paired pulse ratio of evoked EPSPs and by analysis of the coefficient of variance. In the presence of NE, repeated high frequency stimulation (high-frequency stimulation (HFS)) failed to induce SPW-Rs, although SPW-Rs appeared following washout of NE. Together, our data indicate that the NE-mediated suppression of hippocampal SPW-Rs depends on α1 adrenoreceptor activation, while their expression and activity-dependent induction is facilitated via β1-adrenoreceptors. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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ABSTRACT: Sharp wave-ripple complexes (SPW-R) are observed in vivo during resting immobility, consummatory behavior and during slow wave sleep, and they have been proposed to support memory consolidation. It has been suggested that GABAergic cells play important roles in controlling incidence of sharp waves and of ripple frequency. We report here that the GABAB agonist baclofen reversibly suppresses SPW-R activity in rat hippocampal slices, presumably affecting the strength of neuronal coupling in the associative network of area CA3. The effect is specific as the GABAB receptor antagonist CGP55846 prevents this effect; however, CGP55846 application had no major effect on incidence of SPW-R. Interestingly, repetitive stimulation in the presence of baclofen is able to induce SPW-R activity, which only appears after washout of baclofen. Our findings suggest that GABA levels through activation of GABAB receptors may be involved in the transition from theta-gamma to SPW-R working mode in the hippocampus.Neuroscience Letters 05/2014; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Agents such as sertindole and astemizole affect heart action by inducing long-QT syndrome, suggesting that apart from their neuronal actions through histamine receptors, 5-HT2 serotonin receptors and D2 dopamine receptors they also affect ether-a-go-go channels and particularly ether-a-go-go-related (ERG) potassium (K(+) ) channels, comprising the K(v) 11.1, K(v) 11.2 and K(v) 11.3 voltage-gated potassium currents. Changes in ERG K(+) channel expression and activity have been reported and may be linked to schizophrenia [Huffaker, S.J., Chen, J., Nicodemus, K.K., Sambataro, F., Yang, F., Mattay, V., Lipska, B.K., Hyde, T.M., Song, J., Rujescu, D., Giegling, I., Mayilyan, K., Proust, M.J., Soghoyan, A., Caforio, G., Callicott, J.H., Bertolino, A., Meyer-Lindenberg, A., Chang, J., Ji, Y., Egan, M.F., Goldberg, T.E., Kleinman, J.E., Lu, B. & Weinberger DR. (2009). Nat. Med., 15, 509-518; Shepard, P.D., Canavier, C.C. & Levitan, E.S. (2007). Schizophr Bull., 33, 1263-1269]. We have previously shown that histamine H1 blockers augment gamma oscillations (γ) which are thought to be involved in cognition and storage of information. These effects were particularly pronounced for γ induced by acetylcholine. Here we have compared neuronal effects of three agents which interfere with ERG K(+) channels. We found that astemizole and sertindole, but not the K(v) 11 channel blocker E4031, augmented γ induced by acetylcholine in hippocampal slices. Kainate-induced γ were only affected by astemizole. Evoked responses induced by stratum radiatum stimulation in area CA1 revealed that only E4031 augmented stimulus-induced synaptic potentials and neuronal excitability. Our findings suggest that K(v) 11 channels are involved in neuronal excitability without clear effects on γ and that the effect of astemizole is related to actions on H1 receptors.European Journal of Neuroscience 10/2012; · 3.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neuroenergetic models of synaptic transmission predicted that energy demand is highest for action potentials (APs) and postsynaptic ion fluxes, whereas the presynaptic contribution is rather small. Here, we addressed the question of energy consumption at Schaffer-collateral synapses. We monitored stimulus-induced changes in extracellular potassium, sodium, and calcium concentration while recording partial oxygen pressure (pO(2)) and NAD(P)H fluorescence. Blockade of postsynaptic receptors reduced ion fluxes as well as pO(2) and NAD(P)H transients by ∼50%. Additional blockade of transmitter release further reduced Na(+), K(+), and pO(2) transients by ∼30% without altering presynaptic APs, indicating considerable contribution of Ca(2+)-removal, transmitter and vesicle turnover to energy consumption.Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism advance online publication, 29 August 2012; doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2012.116.Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 08/2012; · 5.46 Impact Factor