Article

Thermal expansion coefficient and bulk modulus of polyethylene closed‐cell foams

Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics (Impact Factor: 2.55). 10/2004; 42(20):3741 - 3749. DOI: 10.1002/polb.20230

ABSTRACT A regular Kelvin foam model was used to predict the linear thermal expansion coefficient and bulk modulus of crosslinked, closed-cell, low-density polyethylene (LDPE) foams from the polymer and gas properties. The materials used for the experimental measurements were crosslinked, had a uniform cell size, and were nearly isotropic. Young's modulus of biaxially oriented polyethylene was used for modeling the cell faces. The model underestimated the foam linear thermal expansion coefficient because it assumed that the cell faces were flat. However, scanning electron microscopy showed that some cell faces were crumpled as a result of foam processing. The measured bulk modulus, which was considerably smaller than the theoretical value, was used to estimate the linear thermal expansion coefficient of the LDPE foams. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 3741–3749, 2004

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