Thermal expansion coefficient and bulk modulus of polyethylene closed‐cell foams

Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics (Impact Factor: 2.22). 10/2004; 42(20):3741 - 3749. DOI:10.1002/polb.20230

ABSTRACT A regular Kelvin foam model was used to predict the linear thermal expansion coefficient and bulk modulus of crosslinked, closed-cell, low-density polyethylene (LDPE) foams from the polymer and gas properties. The materials used for the experimental measurements were crosslinked, had a uniform cell size, and were nearly isotropic. Young's modulus of biaxially oriented polyethylene was used for modeling the cell faces. The model underestimated the foam linear thermal expansion coefficient because it assumed that the cell faces were flat. However, scanning electron microscopy showed that some cell faces were crumpled as a result of foam processing. The measured bulk modulus, which was considerably smaller than the theoretical value, was used to estimate the linear thermal expansion coefficient of the LDPE foams. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 3741–3749, 2004

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    ABSTRACT: The cellular structure, physical properties, and structure–property relationships of novel open-cell polyolefin foams produced by compression molding and based on blends of an ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer and a low-density polyethylene have been studied and compared with those of closed-cell polyolefin foams of similar chemical compositions and densities and with those of open-cell polyurethane foams. Properties such as the elastic modulus, collapse stress, energy absorbed in mechanical tests, thermal expansion, dynamic mechanical response, and acoustic absorption have been measured. The experimental results show that the cellular structure of the analyzed materials has interconnected cells due to the presence of large and small holes in the cell walls, and this structure is clearly different from the typical structure of open-cell polyurethane foams. The open-cell polyolefin foams under study, in comparison with closed-cell foams of similar densities and chemical compositions, are good acoustic absorbers; they have a significant loss factor and lower compressive strength and thermal stability. The physical reasons for this macroscopic behavior are analyzed. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 06/2009; 114(2):1176 - 1186. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Finite element analysis, of regular Kelvin foam models with all the material in uniform-thickness faces, was used to predict the compressive impact response of low-density closed-cell polyethylene and polystyrene foams. Cell air compression was analysed, treating cells as surface-based fluid cavities. For a typical 1 mm cell size and 50 s-1 impact strain rate, the elastic buckling of cell faces, and pop-in shape inversion of some buckled square faces, caused a non-linear stress strain response before yield. Pairs of plastic hinges formed across hexagonal faces, then yield occurred when trios of faces concertinaed. The predicted compressive yield stresses were close to experimental data, for a range of foam densities. Air compression was the hardening mechanism for engineering strains < 0.6, with face- to-face contact also contributing for strains > 0.7. Predictions of lateral expansion and residual strains after impact were reasonable. There were no significant changes in the predicted behavior at a compressive strain rate of 500 s-1.
  • Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology-transactions of The Asme - J ENG MATER TECHNOL. 01/2008; 130(4).


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