Fatal bleeding in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy for venous thromboembolism: findings from the RIETE registry
ABSTRACT Background: Fatal bleeding is a serious consequence of anticoagulant therapy, but factors associated with fatal bleeding during the first 3 months of treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are uncertain. Methods: Using data from RIETE, an ongoing registry of consecutive patients with acute VTE, we assessed risk factors for fatal bleeding among all patients. We then used this information to derive a clinical model that would stratify a patient’s risk of fatal bleeding during the first 3 months of treatment. Results: Of 24 395 patients, 546 (2.24%) had a major bleed and 135 (0.55%) had a fatal bleed. The gastrointestinal tract was the most common site (40% of fatal bleeds), followed by intracranial bleeding (25%). Fatal bleeding was independently associated with the following factors at the time of VTE diagnosis: age >75 years (OR, 2.16), metastatic cancer (OR, 3.80), immobility ≥ 4 days (OR, 1.99), a major bleed within the past 30 days (OR, 2.64), an abnormal prothrombin time (OR, 2.09), a platelet count < 100 × 109 L−1 (OR, 2.23), creatinine clearance < 30 mL min−1 (OR, 2.27), anemia (OR, 1.54), and distal deep vein thrombosis (OR, 0.39). INR at the time of bleeding is not known. A clinical prediction rule for risk of fatal bleeding that included nine baseline factors was derived. Fatal bleeding occurred in 0.16% (95% CI, 0.11–0.23) of the low-risk, 1.06% (95% CI, 0.85–1.30) of the moderate-risk, and 4.24% (95% CI, 2.76–6.27) of the high-risk category. Conclusions: Patient characteristics and laboratory variables can identify patients at high risk for fatal bleeding during treatment of VTE.
- SourceAvailable from: Carmen Escalante[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association between cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been well documented in the literature. Prevention and treatment of VTE in cancer patients is imperative. Typically, the mainstay regimen for VTE prevention and treatment has been anticoagulation therapy, unless contraindicated. This therapy consists of unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), factor Xa inhibitor, or vitamin K antagonist (VKA). Current guidelines recommend LMWH over VKA for the treatment of VTE in cancer patients. Factor-specific anticoagulants have been proven safe and effective, and recently factor Xa inhibitors have emerged as a treatment alternative to heparins and VKA. Currently, three factor Xa inhibitors have been identified: fondaparinux (the only one approved so far by the US Food and Drug Administration), idraparinux (in clinical trials), and idrabiotaparinux (in clinical trials). This paper will examine the role of these agents, focusing on fondaparinux, for the prevention and treatment of VTE in cancer patients.Advances in Hematology 01/2011; 2011:196135.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Korean venous thromboembolism (VTE) registry, which was initiated by the Working Parties of Korean Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis, and the Korean Society of Hematology, is a web-based multicenter registry (http://kdvt.chamc.co.kr) for recruiting consecutive VTE patients. The aim of the registry is to prospectively collect data on the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of VTE from a large, unselected cohort of patients, and to provide data on the true incidence and management of VTE in the real-world. By the end of 2007, the starting year of the registry, 840 patients were registered. By the end of 2008, 1,121 were registered, with 1,289 by the end of 2009, and 1,463 by April 2010 from 11 hospitals. The first report on the epidemiologic characteristics of 596 consecutive VTE patients was released in October 2007.Yonsei medical journal 07/2011; 52(4):558-61. · 0.77 Impact Factor