Paediatric salivary gland cancer in Finland

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology (Impact Factor: 0.85). 06/2012; 76(9):1304-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.05.024
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Worldwide, only 5% of all salivary gland tumours are reported in children and 35-50% of these are malignant. According to the Finnish Cancer Registry, 15 children were diagnosed with salivary gland cancer (SGC) during 1990-2009 in Finland. There are no previous studies available on the histopathology, treatment, and survival of patients with these rare malignancies in Finland.
Retrospective patient and tumour data covering the past 20 years were retrieved from the five University Hospitals in Finland. Ten paediatric SGC patients with a median age of 14 years (range, 9-19 years) and with available adequate patient data were included. The series comprised four boys and six girls. Follow-up time varied from five months to 14 years.
Two patients had a history of a previous malignancy. The majority of cases had a parotid gland cancer (7/10), and mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common histological subtype (5/10). All patients presented with Stage I-II disease and were treated surgically with curative intent. One patient with a Stage I mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland received postoperative radiotherapy. No recurrences were encountered and all patients were free of disease at the last follow up.
The individual treatment design for paediatric SGC should follow consistent treatment strategies. All patients in the present study had low-grade tumours with a favourable prognosis. Since paediatric SGC is infrequent worldwide, the diagnostics, treatment, and follow up should be centralized in multidisciplinary Head and Neck Centres.

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