In vivo imaging of brain lesions with [11C]CLINME, a new PET radioligand of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors

Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Glia (Impact Factor: 5.47). 11/2007; 55(14):1459 - 1468. DOI: 10.1002/glia.20562

ABSTRACT The peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is expressed by microglial cells in many neuropathologies involving neuroinflammation. PK11195, the reference compound for PBR, is used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging but has a limited capacity to quantify PBR expression. Here we describe the new PBR ligand CLINME as an alternative to PK11195. In vitro and in vivo imaging properties of [11C]CLINME were studied in a rat model of local acute neuroinflammation, and compared with the reference compound [11C]PK11195, using autoradiography and PET imaging. Immunohistochemistry study was performed to validate the imaging data. [11C]CLINME exhibited a higher contrast between the PBR-expressing lesion site and the intact side of the same rat brain than [11C]PK11195 (2.14 ± 0.09 vs. 1.62 ± 0.05 fold increase, respectively). The difference was due to a lower uptake for [11C]CLINME than for [11C]PK11195 in the non-inflammatory part of the brain in which PBR was not expressed, while uptake levels in the lesion were similar for both tracers. Tracer localization correlated well with that of activated microglial cells, demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and PBR expression detected by autoradiography. Modeling using the simplified tissue reference model showed that R1 was similar for both ligands (R1 ∼ 1), with [11C]CLINME exhibiting a higher binding potential than [11C]PK11195 (1.07 ± 0.30 vs. 0.66 ± 0.15). The results show that [11C]CLINME performs better than [11C]PK11195 in this model. Further studies of this new compound should be carried out to better define its capacity to overcome the limitations of [11C]PK11195 for PBR PET imaging. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Evaluation of translocator protein (TSPO) overexpression is considered an attractive research tool for monitoring neuroinflammation in several neurological and psychiatric disorders. [11C]PK11195 PET imaging has been widely used for this purpose. However, it has a low sensitivity and a poor signal-to-noise ratio. For these reasons, [11C]CB184 was evaluated as a potentially more sensitive PET tracer. Methods A model of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) was induced in male Wistar rats. On day 6 or 7 after virus inoculation, [11C]CB184 PET scans were acquired followed by ex vivo evaluation of biodistribution. In addition, [11C]CB184 and [11C]PK11195 PET scans with arterial blood sampling were acquired to generate input for pharmacokinetic modelling. Differences between the saline-treated control group and the virus-treated HSE group were explored using volumes of interest and voxel-based analysis. Results The biodistribution study showed significantly higher [11C]CB184 uptake in the amygdala, olfactory bulb, medulla, pons and striatum (p p p r 2 = 0.71). Pretreatment with 5 mg/kg of unlabelled PK11195 effectively reduced (p 11C]CB184 uptake in the whole brain. Both, [11C]CB184 and [11C]PK11195, showed similar amounts of metabolites in plasma, and the binding potential (BPND) was not significantly different between the HSE rats and the control rats. In HSE rats BPND for [11C]CB184 was significantly higher (p 11C]PK11195 was only detected in the medulla. Conclusion [11C]CB184 showed nonspecific binding to healthy tissue comparable to that observed for [11C]PK11195, but it displayed significantly higher specific binding in those brain regions affected by the HSE. Our results suggest that [11C]CB184 PET is a good alternative for imaging of neuroinflammatory processes.
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    Brain Pathology 11/2014; 24(6). DOI:10.1111/bpa.12196 · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    01/2014; 5. DOI:10.4172/2155-9899.1000226


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Jul 14, 2014