Article

Electrochemical incineration of dyes using a boron‐doped diamond anode

University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Castille-La Mancha, Spain
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 2.49). 06/2007; 82(6):575 - 581. DOI: 10.1002/jctb.1703

ABSTRACT The electrochemical oxidation of a synthetic wastewater containing the model dyes alizarin red (an anthraquinone) and Eriochrome black T (an azoic compound) has been studied on a boron-doped diamond electrode (BDD) by both cyclic voltammetry and bulk electrolysis. The influence of the current density and dye concentration were investigated. The results obtained show that complete chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colour removal was obtained for both wastewaters. However, the nature of the pollutant, and specially the presence of functional groups (such as the azoic group) seems to strongly influence the performance and efficiency of the electrochemical process. The electro-oxidation of alizarin red behaves as a mass-transfer-controlled process. In such a system, an increase in the current density leads to a decrease in the current efficiency. This can be explained by direct or hydroxyl radical mediated oxidation. The contrary tendency has been observed in Eriochrome black T electro-oxidation. In this case, higher efficiencies were obtained working at high current densities. This may indicate that the mediated oxidation by electrogenerated reagent (such as peroxodisulphate) is the main oxidation mechanism involved in Eriochrome black T treatment. These compounds have a longer average lifetime than hydroxyl radicals, and it allows the reaction to be extended to the whole wastewater volume. This study has shown the suitability of the electrochemical process for completely removing the COD and total organic carbon and effectively decolourising of wastewaters containing synthetic dyes. Copyright © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry

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