Article

Pseudo‐Bartter’s syndrome revealing cystic fibrosis in an infant caused by 3849 + 1G>A and 4382delA compound heterozygosity

Acta Paediatrica (Impact Factor: 1.84). 10/2011; 100(11):e234 - e235. DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02294.x

ABSTRACT Pseudo-Bartter’s (PB) syndrome characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and persistent failure to thrive constitutes a rare typical presentation of cystic fibrosis (CF) with prevalence of 16.8%. We present a case of CF presenting with failure to thrive, dehydration, PB syndrome associated with chest infection and primo-colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Sweat chloride test was 102 mmol/L. DNA analysis identified 2 mutations 3849 + 1G>A (intron 19) and 4382delA (exon 24) present in heterozygous status. To the best of our knowledge, our case is the first reported case in the literature of CF manifested by PB syndrome associated with chest infection and primo-colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.Conclusion:  The genotype 3849 + 1G>A/4382delA found in our patient is described for the first time in the literature. It explains the lung involvement with the dehydration and electrolyte disturbances. The role of the mutation in exon 24 in cases of CF with PB syndrome remains to be determined.

1 Follower
 · 
194 Views
  • Source
    ICAN Infant Child & Adolescent Nutrition 11/2014; 6(6):313-319. DOI:10.1177/1941406414545988
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The thick ascending limb occupies a central anatomic and functional position in human renal physiology, with critical roles in the defense of the extracellular fluid volume, the urinary concentrating mechanism, calcium and magnesium homeostasis, bicarbonate and ammonium homeostasis, and urinary protein composition. The last decade has witnessed tremendous progress in the understanding of the molecular physiology and pathophysiology of this nephron segment. These advances are the subject of this review, with emphasis on particularly recent developments.
    Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 10/2014; 9(11). DOI:10.2215/CJN.04480413 · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cystic fibrosis per se can sometimes lead to hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia or hyperbicarbonatemia. This tendency was first documented 60 years ago and has subsequently been confirmed in single case reports or small case series, most of which were retrospective. However, this issue has not been addressed analytically. We have therefore systematically reviewed and analyzed the available literature on this subject. This was a systematic review of the literature. The reports included in this review cover 172 subacute and 90 chronic cases of electrolyte imbalances in patients with cystic fibrosis. The male:female ratio was 1.57. Electrolyte abnormalities were mostly associated with clinically inapparent fluid volume depletion, mainly affected patients aged ≤2.5 years, frequently tended to recur and often were found before the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis was established. Subacute presentation often included an history of heat exposure, vomiting, excessive sweating and pulmonary infection. History of chronic presentation, in contrast, was often inconspicuous. The tendency to hypochloremia, hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis was similar between subacute and chronic patients, with hyponatremia being more pronounced (P < 0.02) in subacute compared to chronic presentations. Subacute cases were treated parenterally; chronic ones were usually managed with oral salt supplementation. Retention of urea and creatinine was documented in 38 % of subacute cases. The findings of our review suggest that physicians should be aware that electrolyte abnormalities can occur both as a presenting and a recurring feature of cystic fibrosis.
    Pediatric Nephrology 12/2013; 29(6). DOI:10.1007/s00467-013-2712-4 · 2.88 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
83 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014