Effect of milk fat replacement by polyunsaturated fatty acids on the microbiological, rheological and sensorial properties of fermented milks
ABSTRACT A modified milk (W3DD) where fat had been replaced by oils enriched in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids was used for the manufacture of a set-type fermented product. In order to improve the organoleptic properties of the product, 30 g l−1 whey protein concentrate (WPC) was added during the manufacturing process. Samples were fermented employing a commercial probiotic starter culture (ABT-2), which contained Streptococcus thermophilus ST-20Y, Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12. The acidification process was dependent on the WPC addition, which favoured the increase of viable counts, but fermentation was not influenced by the milk fat composition. The highest counts of the probiotic strains, L acidophilus LA-5 (3.3 × 105 cfu g−1) and B lactis BB-12 (5.5 × 107 cfu g−1), after 21 days of storage at 4 °C, were found in fermented products derived from W3DD supplemented with WPC. Addition of WPC also increased the firmness of the products and reduced syneresis. No apparent colour changes due to fat composition or WPC supplementation were observed in the products. Milk fat replacement by oils rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids had a negative influence on the product texture but did not affect the typical yoghurt flavour. These defects were overcome by the addition of 30 g l−1 WPC, which improved the appearance, texture and general acceptability scores in the product. Copyright © 2004 Society of Chemical Industry
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ABSTRACT: Ever-growing consumer demand for convenience, combined with a healthy diet and preference for natural ingredients has led to a growth in functional beverage markets. Current trends and changing consumer needs indicate a great opportunity for innovations and developments in fermented milks. Scientific and clinical evidence is also mounting to corroborate the consumer perception of health from fermented milks. Probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics and associated ingredients also add an attractive dimension to cultured dairy products. Also, owing to expanding market share and size of dairy companies, there has been a reduction of clearly structured markets i.e. merging of dairy products and fruit beverage markets with introduction of `juiceceuticals' like fruit-yogurt beverages that are typical example of hybrid dairy products offering health, flavour and convenience. Another potential growth area for fermented milks includes added-value products such as low calorie, reduced-fat varieties and those fortified with physiologically active ingredients including fibers, phytosterols, omega-3-fatty acids, whey based ingredients, antioxidant vitamins, isoflavones that provide specific health benefits beyond basic nutrition. World over efforts have been devoted to develop fermented milks containing certain nonconventional food sources like soybeans and millets and convert them to more acceptable and palatable form thus producing low cost, nutritious fermented foods especially for developing and underdeveloped nations where malnutrition exists. Furthermore, use of biopreservatives and certain innovative technologies like membrane processing, high pressure processing and carbonation lead to milk fermentation under predictable, controllable and precise conditions to yield hygienic fermented milks of high nutritive value.Current Nutrition & Food Science 01/2007; 3(1):91-108.
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ABSTRACT: The effects of refrigeration, freezing and substitution of milk fat by inulin and whey protein concentrate (WPC) on Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5 viability and resistance to gastric and enteric simulated conditions in synbiotic guava mousses effects were investigated. Refrigerated mousses supplemented with WPC presented the best probiotic viability, ranging from 7.77 to 6.24 log cfu/g during 28 days of storage. The highest probiotic populations, above 7.45 log cfu/g, were observed for all frozen mousses during 112 days of storage. Decreased L. acidophilus survival during the in vitro gastrointestinal simulation was observed both for refrigerated and frozen mousses. Nonetheless, for the refrigerated mousses, the addition of inulin enhanced the probiotic survival during the in vitro assays in the first week of storage. L. acidophilus survival in simulated gastrointestinal fluids was also improved through freezing. The frozen storage may be used to provide increased shelf-life for synbiotic guava mousses. Even though the protective effect of inulin and WPC on the probiotic microorganism tested was shown to be more specific for the refrigerated products, the partial replacement of milk fat by these ingredients may also help, as it improves the nutritional value of mousses in both storage conditions.International journal of food microbiology 02/2010; 137(2-3):121-9. · 3.01 Impact Factor
Article: Functional milks and dairy beverages[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: During the last decade, consumers’ approach to healthy foods has changed dramatically, and today enhancing the health span of consumers through consumption of healthy food is more important than simply enhancing their life span. Rising medical costs are the prime factor forcing people to find cheaper and effective means of protecting their health. This fact has led to an increase in consumers’ interest in functional foods. Dairy products occupy a significant space in the functional foods market and dairy-based functional beverages are a growing segment of this sector. This article reviews recent scientific, technological and commercial developments in the functional dairy-based beverage sector.International Journal of Dairy Technology 12/2009; 63(1):1 - 15. · 1.18 Impact Factor