Clinical implications of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance, favor endometrial origin
The Bethesda System recommends qualifying atypical glandular cells with regard to their possible origin: endocervical versus endometrial. This study was undertaken to determine the clinical significance of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance that favor an endometrial origin (AGUS-EM).METHODSA computer search identified 62 cervicovaginal smears (5.25% of all smears classified as AGUS) with a diagnosis of AGUS-EM in the files of Shared Cytopathology Laboratory of New York University Medical Center/Bellevue Hospital Medical Center between January 1995 and December 1999. The patients ranged in age from 29 years to 88 years (mean age, 53 years). Thirty-four patients were postmenopausal (55%), and 5 patients were on hormonal replacement therapy. Follow-up was available for 56 patients (90%); 45 patients (73%) underwent biopsy, and 11 patients (17%) had repeat cervicovaginal smears. Six patients were lost to follow-up.RESULTSAmong patients who underwent biopsy, 14 patients (31%) had a clinically significant uterine lesions, including 6 (13%) endometrial adenocarcinomas, 5 (11%) endometrial hyperplasias, and 3 (7%) squamous lesions (2 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 1 squamous cell carcinoma). Ten of 11 patients with significant endometrial pathology findings were postmenopausal. The remaining 31 patients had benign pathology results, which included chronic cervicitis, endometritis, endometrial polyps, microglandular hyperplasia, and tubal metaplasia. Among the patients with repeat cervicovaginal smears, one patient had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance; the remaining patients were within normal limits.CONCLUSIONS
Approximately one-third of women with a diagnosis of AGUS-EM had a significant uterine lesion on subsequent biopsy; the majority of these lesions were endometrial in origin. Patients with a diagnosis of AGUS-EM on cervicovaginal smears should be followed closely, and endometrial curettage or biopsy should be included in their initial work-up. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2001;93:351–6. © 2001 American Cancer Society.
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ABSTRACT: Case-control studies have demonstrated that the ThinPrep Pap test may provide improved detection of endometrial carcinoma. The purpose of this study is to prospectively examine the diagnostic potential of the ThinPrep Pap test in the detection of endometrial carcinoma. ThinPrep Pap test slides were collected from high-risk patient groups. Pap-stained slides were reviewed and the cytological diagnosis was rendered independently by investigators. Each case was assigned to one of the four diagnostic categories: within normal limit (WNL); atypical glandular cells (AGC); atypical endometrial cells (AEC); or adenocarcinoma, probably endometrial origin. After cytological diagnosis was made, the histological follow-up diagnosis was obtained through the laboratory information system and the cyto-histological correlation was analyzed. Of 106 patients identified, 60 had histological follow-up. For all eight cases interpreted by cytology as positive, endometrial carcinoma was confirmed histologically. Among 25 patients with normal endometrial cells present, histological follow-up showed benign endometrium. Among 17 cases interpreted cytologically as AEC, 14 cases (82.4%) had benign histological follow-up and 3 cases (17.6%) had endometrial carcinoma. All 11 cases (100%) classified as AGC had benign histological follow-up. The sensitivity and specificity of detecting endometrial malignancy were 72.7% and 100%, respectively. The positive predictive value was 100%. In this prospective study, we demonstrated that the Thin Prep Pap test had a reasonably high sensitivity and/or specificity in detecting endometrial carcinoma. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2012; © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Diagnostic Cytopathology 02/2012; · 1.49 Impact Factor
Article: Atypical Glandular Cells.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Less than 1% of Pap smears are interpreted as having atypical glandular cells. Because of the rarity of diagnosis, providers are frequently unfamiliar with both the workup and the potential ramifications. Comprehensive evaluation is required in all cases to exclude a spectrum of possible diagnoses. Although colposcopy, human papillomavirus DNA testing, endocervical curettage, and endometrial sampling should be the initial part of the evaluation, these procedures may not identify any specific etiology. The aim of this review is to provide the most current strategy for management of this rare, but suspicious Pap test result.Clinical obstetrics and gynecology 01/2013; · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of atypical glandular cells (AGC) by analyzing the prevalence and histologic outcomes of patients with AGC according to Pap smear. The medical records of 83 patients who were diagnosed AGC on Pap tests at the Pusan National University Hospital outpatient department and health care center from January 1998 to March 2006 were reviewed. The prevalence of AGC was 55 of 54,160 (0.10%) and 28 of 54,160 (0.05%) for AGC-not otherwise specified (NOS) and neoplastic associated AGC, respectively. The histopathologic results of the AGC-NOS group (n=55) were as follows: low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 7 (12.7%); high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 4 (7.2%); adenocarcinoma of cervix, 3 (5.4%); endometrial carcinoma, 2 (3.6%); and other malignancies including 2 ovarian cancer cases and 1 breast cancer case, 3 (5.4%). The histopathologic results for the AGC-associated neoplastic group (n=28) were as follows: low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 1 (3.5%); high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 3 (10.7%); adenocarcinoma of cervix, 5 (17.8%); endometrial carcinoma, 4 (4.8%); and additional malignancies including 3 stomach cancer cases, 2 ovarian cancer cases, and 2 breast cancer cases; 7 (25%). AGCs may represent a variety of benign and malignant lesions. AGC-associated neoplastic findings may be related to gynecological or extrauterine malignancies. Thus, when AGCs, especially neoplastic AGCs, are encountered, it is best to evaluate the cervix not only for typical maladies, but also for gynecological and non-gynecological malignancies.Obstetrics & gynecology science. 03/2013; 56(2):76-83.