Angiotensin‐converting enzyme I inhibitory activity of phlorotannins from Ecklonia stolonifera
ABSTRACT As part of our study of the isolation of antihypertensive agents derived from natural marine products, the bioactivity of 10 edible Korean seaweeds were screened by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory and peroxynitrite assays. Among the crude extracts of selected seaweeds, including five Phaeophyta (Ecklonia stolonifera, E. cava, Pelvetia siliquosa, Hizikia fusiforme, and Undaria pinnatifida), four Rhodophyta (Gigartina tenella, Gelidium amansii, Chondria crassicaulis, and Porphyra tenera) and one Chlorophyta (Capsosiphon fulvescens), the ethanol extracts of E. stolonifera, E. cava, P. siliquosa, U. pinnatifida, and G. tenella exhibited significant inhibitory properties against ACE at more than 50% inhibition at a concentration of 163.93 µg/mL. Phloroglucinol 1, eckstolonol 2, eckol 3, phlorofucofuroeckol A 4, and dieckol 5 had been isolated previously, and triphlorethol-A 6 and fucosterol 7 were isolated for the first time from E. stolonifera. Also, the ACE inhibitory and peroxynitrite scavenging properties of phlorotannins 1–6 were evaluated, along with fucosterol 7 obtained from E. stolonifera. Among profound peroxynitrite scavenging compounds 1–6, phlorotannins 3, 4 and 5 were also determined to manifest marked inhibitory activity against ACE, with 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) values of 70.82 ± 0.25, 12.74 ± 0.15, and 34.25 ± 3.56 µM, respectively.
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ABSTRACT: Edible seaweeds were collected from Indonesia, a tropical country that does not show seasonal varia-tions in temperature, to evaluate their health-related activities. Ethanol and acetone extracts were prepared from -green and -brown algae. The ethanol and acetone extracts from Padina australis showed the strongest DPPH radical scavenging activity. These extracts also had the highest concentrations of total phenol and flavonoid. Both the ethanol and acetone extracts of the 0 Indonesian seaweeds decreased Caco-, cell viability when such cells were treated with 0** mM hydrogen peroxide. However, when Caco-, cells were treated with 1** or 2** mM hydrogen peroxide, the ethanol and acetone extracts from P. australis increased cell viability significantly more than those from the other seaweeds. This study indicates that organic extracts of seaweed have useful health-related functions.10/2014;
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ABSTRACT: The inhibitory effect of polyphenol extracts (Seapolynol(™), SPN) of the marine brown algae Ecklonia cava and dieckol, a major component of SPN, on hyperlipidemia was investigated in ICR mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for five weeks. For analysis of the anti-hyperlipidemic effects of SPN and dieckol, these two agents were given orally on a daily basis to HFD-fed mice for four weeks, starting one week after the beginning of HFD feeding. Groups administered with SPN as well as dieckol showed lower body weight gains than the HFD only group. Administration of SPN and dieckol also resulted in a significant reduction of the level of total cholesterol (TCHO), triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the serum of HFD-fed mice. In Oil Red O staining using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, it was shown that both SPN and dieckol markedly inhibited lipid accumulation of 3T3-L1 cells. Furthermore, SPN and dieckol (50 μg/mL) significantly inhibited 3-hydroxyl-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMGCoA) reductase activity in vitro. Taken together, these results suggest that polyphenols of Ecklonia cava (SPN) and dieckol reduce body weight gain and fat accumulation in HFD-induced obese mice, and that their hypolipidemic effect is related to the inhibition of adipogenesis of adipocytes and HMGCoA reductase activity.Preventive nutrition and food science. 03/2012; 17(1):1-7.
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ABSTRACT: To assess the feasibility of phlorotannins from Eisenia bicyclis as cancer chemopreventative agents, we tested whether they induced quinone reductase (QR) in Hepa1c1c7 cells. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) soluble fraction obtained from E. bicyclis exhibited a QR induction activity in Hepa1c1c7 cells. Successive column chromatography of the active EtOAc fraction resulted in the isolation of four phlorotannins. Their structures were elucidated using one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques and characterized as phloroglucinol (1), dioxinodehydroeckol (2), dieckol (3), and fucofuroeckol-A (4). Among these compounds, fucofuroeckol-A (4) showed moderate QR induction activity, and dioxinodehydroeckol (2) exhibited potent QR induction potency with fold induction at a concentration of compared to the dimethyl sulfoxide solvent-treated control cells. However, phloroglucinol (1) and dieckol (3) exerted no detectable QR induction activity in Hepa1c1c7 cells. These results suggest that dioxinodehydroeckol could serve as a useful cancer chemopreventive chemical.Fisheries and aquatic sciences. 01/2013; 16(1).