Peritonsillar abscess – critical analysis of abscess tonsillectomy
ABSTRACT The risk of secondary haemorrhage following abscess tonsillectomy is reported in the literature with differing rates. A retro- and prospective analysis of complication rates following abscess tonsillectomy was conducted in 142 patients (54 females, 88 males; mean age: 35 years). In 22% of patients, a secondary haemorrhage occurred. In half of these (11% of total), the haemorrhage had to be treated surgically. Secondary haemorrhage occurred most commonly on the 6th and 8th postoperative days. Reports in the literature are not in unison about the risk of secondary haemorrhage following abscess tonsillectomy and therefore allow no final judgement about an objective risk of this complication. This report strengthens the results of the ‘Comparative Audit Service’ analysis from 1997, which did show a high risk of secondary haemorrhage following tonsillectomy, as well as following abscess tonsillectomy.
- SourceAvailable from: Hisham Mehanna[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An anonymous postal survey of 200 consultants was used to audit the current prevalent practices in the management of quinsy in the UK; 101 responded. The findings reveal that on average an otolaryngology department treats 29 cases per year, the vast majority (94%) on an inpatient basis. The main initial treatment was needle aspiration combined with intravenous antibiotics. Interestingly, those departments treating more than 20 cases a year are more likely to use needle aspiration, while departments in England and Wales use significantly more incision and drainage than those in Scotland. Incision and drainage (52%) was the most common form of treatment of non-resolving patients. The median hospital stay was two days.Postgraduate Medical Journal 10/2002; 78(923):545-8. · 1.61 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Peritonsillar abscess is the most common infection involving deep neck planes to be treated by otolaryngologists with varying management strategies. In some countries, like Japan, immediate tonsillectomy is considered only for selected cases due to the risk of post-operative complications. Post-tonsillectomy bleeding is considered as the major complication following surgery and serves as a landmark for the safety of the operation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if there is an increased risk of post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage following immediate tonsillectomy in non-selected patients. A retrospective study was performed on 6329 patients who underwent tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy, in St. Anna Hospital, Duisburg, between January 1988 and August 2000 to evaluate the complication rate following 1481 immediate tonsillectomies (group A) compared to 4848 patients who underwent elective tonsillectomy (group B). 56.9% (group A) were male, the youngest patient was 18 months, the oldest 87 years old. Patients of group B were younger in general (mean age: 18.7 vs. 32.9 years), 49.9% were male, between 5 months and 93 years of age. Patients of both groups underwent surgery under general anaesthesia and were observed for 6 days. The incidence of post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage in both groups was compared using chi(2)-test, the age distribution was compared by Mann-Whitney U-test. Bleeding occurred in 43 patients of group A (2.9%) and 138 patients (2.8%) of group B. Excessive bleeding requiring ligature of the external carotid artery became necessary in one patient of group A (0.13%) and four patients of group B (0.08%). A 42-month-old patient (group B) died due massive haemorrhage at home 6 days after surgery. The latest bleeding occurred 12 (group B) and 13 days (group A) after surgery. Statistical evaluation (Pearson chi(2)-test P=0.908) shows no significant difference of post-operative bleeding between the compared groups. Post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage occurred with statistical significance (P<0.001) in elder patients after immediate tonsillectomy. We conclude, that immediate tonsillectomy can be recommended as a safe surgical procedure in non-selected patients to evacuate quinsy without an additional risk of bleeding thus making a second hospital stay unnecessary.Auris Nasus Larynx 12/2001; 28(4):323-7. · 0.95 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To date there exists no sensible way of classifying the intensity of haemorrhage following tonsillectomy, though this is a prerequisite when comparing the results presented in literature. We evaluated the incidence of post-operative haemorrhage according to our classification in 602 patients who underwent tonsillectomy at our department in 1999. In 21 patients a grade 1 (spontaneous cessation) bleeding occurred. One patient had a grade 2 (infiltration anaesthesia), 14 patients had a grade 3 bleeding (treatment under general anaesthesia) with one patient receiving a blood transfusion. Two patients had a grade 4 bleeding (ligature of the external carotid artery). There was no patient with grade 5 bleeding (lethal outcome). Grades 1 and 3 had the same incidence rates. Primary haemorrhage (<24 hours) can be expected in the majority of patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Secondary haemorrhage is rare and can be life-threatening.The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 07/2001; 115(6):457-61. · 0.68 Impact Factor