Gas holdup in slurry bubble columns: Effect of column diameter and slurry concentrations

AIChE Journal (Impact Factor: 2.58). 01/1997; 43(2):311 - 316. DOI: 10.1002/aic.690430204

ABSTRACT To study the influence of particle concentration on the hydrodynamics of bubble-column slurry reactors operating in the heterogeneous flow regime, experiments were carried out in 0.10, 0.19, and 0.38-m-dia. columns using paraffinic oil as the liquid phase and slurry concentrations of up to 36 vol. %. To interpret experimental results a generalization of the “two-phase” model for gas–solid fluid beds was used to describe bubble hydrodynamics. The two phase identified are: a dilute phase consisting of fast-rising large bubbles that traverse the column virtually in plug flow and a dense phase that is identified with the liquid phase along with solid particles and entrained small bubbles. The dense phase suffers backmixing considerably. Dynamic gas disengagement was experimented in the heterogeneous flow regime to determine the gas voidage in dilute and dense phases. Experimental data show that increasing the solid concentration decreases the total gas holdup significantly, but the influence on the dilute-phase gas holdup is small. The dense-phase gas voidage significantly decreases gas holdup due to enhanced coalescene of small bubbles resulting from introduction of particles. The dense-phase gas voidage is practically independent of the column diameter. The dilute-phase gas holdup, on the other hand, decreases with increasing column diameter, and this dependence could be described adequately with a slight modification of the correlation of Krishna and Ellenberger developed for gas–liquid systems.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Characteristics of overall heat transfer were investigated in a three-phase slurry bubble column with relatively low surface tension media, which has been frequently encountered in the fields of industry. The heat transfer phenomena was examined in the system which was composed of a coaxial vertical heater and a proper of bubble column. The heat transfer coefficient was estimated from the measured mean value of temperature difference between the heater surface and the column proper at the steady state condition. Effects of gas velocity (), solid fraction in the slurry phase () and surface tension () of continuous liquid media on the overall heat transfer coefficient (h) in the bubble column were determined. The mean value of temperature difference was estimated from the data of temperature difference fluctuations with a variation of time. The amplitude and mean value of temperature difference fluctuations with respect to the elasped time appeared to decrease with decreasing the surface tension of liquid phase. The overall heat transfer coefficient between the immersed heated and the bubble column increased with an increase in the gas velocity or solid fraction in the slurry phase, but it decreased with an increase in the surface tension of continuous liquid media. The overall heat coefficient in the slurry bubble column with relatively low surface tension media was well correlated in term of operating variables and dimensionless groups within this experimental conditions.
    Korean Chemical Engineering Research. 01/2012; 50(3).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hydrodynamic similarity was investigated in pressurized three-phase slurry bubble columns by selecting the bubble holdup and pressure drop as objective functions, for the effective design and scale-up of it. In addition, effects of operating variables on the bubble holdup with variation of column diameter were also analyzed. Gas velocity(U), viscosity() and surface tension() of slurry phase, density difference between the slurry and gas phases(-) depending on the operating pressure, pressure drop per unit length(P/L), column diameter(D) and gravitational acceleration(g) were chosen as governing parameters in determining the bubble holdup and pressure drop in the column. From the dimensional analysis, four kinds of dimensionless groups were derived from the 7 parameters and 4 fundamental dimensions. Effects of dimensionless groups such as Reynolds, Froude and Weber numbers on the bubble holdup in the column were discussed. The pressure drop and bubble holdup could be predicted from the correlation of dimensionless groups effectively, which could be used as useful information for the design and scale-up of pressurized slurry bubble columns.
    Korean Chemical Engineering Research. 01/2009; 47(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive quantitative study on the effect of liquid viscosity (1 ≤ µL ≤ 1149 mPa-s) on the local flow phenomena of the gas phase in a small diameter bubble column is performed using ultrafast electron beam X-ray tomography. The internal dynamic flow structure and the bubble size distribution have shows a dual role of the liquid viscosity on the hydrodynamics. Further, effect of solid concentration (Cs = 0.05, 0.20) on the local flow behavior of the gas phase is studied for the pseudo slurry viscosities similar to the liquid viscosities of the gas-liquid systems. The effects of liquid and pseudo slurry viscosity on the flow structure, bubble size distribution and gas phase distribution are compared. The bubble coalescence is significantly enhanced with the addition of particles as compared to the system without particles for apparently same viscosity. The superficial gas velocity at which transition occurs from homogeneous bubbly to slug flow regime is initiated by the addition of particles as compared to the particle free system for apparently same viscosity. © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2014
    AIChE Journal 06/2014; · 2.58 Impact Factor


Available from