Toward a VA Women's Health Research Agenda: Setting Evidence‐based Priorities to Improve the Health and Health Care of Women Veterans

Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Journal of General Internal Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.42). 02/2006; 21(S3):S93 - S101. DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00381.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The expansion of women in the military is reshaping the veteran population, with women now constituting the fastest growing segment of eligible VA health care users. In recognition of the changing demographics and special health care needs of women, the VA Office of Research & Development recently sponsored the first national VA Women's Health Research Agenda-setting conference to map research priorities to the needs of women veterans and position VA as a national leader in Women's Health Research. This paper summarizes the process and outcomes of this effort, outlining VA's research priorities for biomedical, clinical, rehabilitation, and health services research.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article aims to critically analyze research focused on the findings for five chronic conditions: chronic pain, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, HIV and cancer among women veterans to identify opportunities for comparative effectiveness research. We provide a descriptive analysis from the relevant articles in prior systematic reviews. In order to identify potential gaps in research for these specific conditions, we also conducted a literature search to highlight studies focusing on women veterans published since the last systematic review. While the scientific knowledge base has grown for these chronic conditions among women veterans, the vast majority of the published literature remains descriptive and/or observational, with only a few studies examining gender differences and even fewer clinical trials. There is a need to conduct comparative effectiveness research on chronic conditions among women veterans to improve health and healthcare.
    03/2014; 3(2):155-66. DOI:10.2217/cer.14.4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The results of war are not limited to mass physical destruction; war's impact also results in psychological damage to service members, both men and women. Despite the enduring psychological trauma with which soldiers are forced to cope, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains, at best, an undertreated disorder and, at worst, a disorder that is not treated at all. The sequelae of untreated PTSD may be tragic for all soldiers, but PTSD has different impacts between sexes. This article examines disparities of military PTSD between sexes, and the need for gender-specific services for female veterans is addressed.
    Military Behavioral Health 02/2014; 2(1):59-63. DOI:10.1080/21635781.2013.845070
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As more women serve in the U.S. military, the proportion of females among homeless veterans is increasing. The current study compares the individual characteristics and 1-year outcomes of homeless female and male veterans in the Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program nationally. Administrative data on 43,853 veterans (10.69% females; 89.31% males) referred to HUD-VASH were analyzed for gender differences at baseline and over a 1-year period. Homeless female veterans were younger, had shorter homeless and incarceration histories, and were less likely to have substance use disorders than men. However, despite being less likely to report combat exposure, female veterans were more likely to have posttraumatic stress disorder. Homeless female veterans were also much more likely to have dependent children with them and to plan to live with family members in supported housing. Once admitted to HUD-VASH, there were no gender differences in attrition or main housing outcomes. Case managers were faster to admit female veterans to the program, reported better working alliances, and provided more services related to employment and income than male veterans. These findings suggest homeless female veterans may have certain strengths, including being younger, less involved in the criminal justice system, and more adept at relating to professional and natural supports; but special attention to noncombat trauma and family-oriented services may be needed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
    Psychological Services 04/2014; 11(3). DOI:10.1037/a0036323 · 1.08 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014