Article

# The close classical T Tauri binary V4046 Sgr: Complex magnetic fields & distributed mass accretion

Dip. di Fisica, Univ. di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.11). 10/2011; 417(3):1747 - 1759. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19366.x Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**(abridged) Accretion from disks onto young stars is thought to follow magnetic field lines from the inner disk edge to the stellar surface. The accretion flow thus depends on the geometry of the magnetic field. This paper extends previous work by constructing a collection of orthogonal coordinate systems, including the corresponding differential operators, where one coordinate traces the magnetic field lines. This formalism allows for an (essentially) analytic description of the geometry and the conditions required for the flow to pass through sonic points. Using this approach, we revisit the problem of magnetically controlled accretion flow in a dipole geometry, and then generalize the treatment to consider magnetic fields with multiple components, including dipole, octupole, and split monopole contributions. This approach can be generalized further to consider more complex magnetic field configurations. Observations indicate that accreting young stars have substantial dipole and octupole components, and that accretion flow is transonic. If the effective equation of state for the fluid is too stiff, the flow cannot pass smoothly through the sonic points in steady state. For a multipole field of order \ell, we derive a constraint on the polytropic index, n>\ell+3/2, required for steady transonic flow to reach free-fall velocities. For octupole fields, inferred on surfaces of T Tauri stars, n>9/2, so that the flow must be close to isothermal. The inclusion of octupole field components produces higher densities at the stellar surface and smaller hot spots, which occur at higher latitudes; the magnetic truncation radius is also modified. This contribution thus increases our understanding of magnetically controlled accretion for young stellar objects and can be applied to a variety of additional astrophysical problems.The Astrophysical Journal 09/2011; 744(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/744/1/55 · 5.99 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We present a model for the rotational evolution of a young, solar-mass star interacting magnetically with an accretion disk. As in a previous paper (Paper I), the model includes changes in the star's mass and radius as it descends the Hayashi track, a decreasing accretion rate, and a prescription for the angular momentum transfer between the star and disk. Paper I concluded that, for the relatively strong magnetic coupling expected in real systems, additional processes are necessary to explain the existence of slowly rotating pre-main-sequence stars. In the present paper, we extend the stellar spin model to include the effect of a spin-down torque that arises from an accretion-powered stellar wind. For a range of magnetic field strengths, accretion rates, initial spin rates, and mass outflow rates, the modeled stars exhibit rotation periods within the range of 1--10 days in the age range of 1--3 Myr. This range coincides with the bulk of the observed rotation periods, with the slow rotators corresponding to stars with the lowest accretion rates, strongest magnetic fields, and/or highest stellar wind mass outflow rates. We also make a direct, quantitative comparison between the accretion-powered stellar wind scenario and the two types of disk-locking models (namely the X-wind and Ghosh & Lamb type models) and identify some remaining theoretical issues for understanding young star spins.The Astrophysical Journal 11/2011; 745(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/101 · 5.99 Impact Factor -
##### Article: Analytic and numerical models of the 3D multipolar magnetospheres of pre-main sequence stars

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**ABSTRACT:**Traditionally models of accretion of gas on to T Tauri stars have assumed a dipole stellar magnetosphere, partly for simplicity, but also due to the lack of information about their true magnetic field topologies. Before and since the first magnetic maps of an accreting T Tauri star were published in 2007 a new generation of magnetospheric accretion models have been developed that incorporate multipole magnetic fields. Three-dimensional models of the large-scale stellar magnetosphere with an observed degree of complexity have been produced via numerical field extrapolation from observationally derived T Tauri magnetic maps. Likewise, analytic and magnetohydrodynamic models with multipolar stellar magnetic fields have been produced. In this conference review article we compare and contrast the numerical field extrapolation and analytic approaches, and argue that the large-scale magnetospheres of some (but not all) accreting T Tauri stars can be well described by tilted dipole plus tilted octupole field components. We further argue that the longitudinal field curve, whether derived from accretion related emission lines, or from photospheric absorption lines, provides poor constrains on the large-scale magnetic field topology and that detailed modeling of the rotationally modulated Stokes V signal is required to recover the true field complexity. We conclude by examining the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of both the field extrapolation and analytic approaches, and also those of magnetohydrodynamic models.Astronomische Nachrichten 12/2011; 332(9-10). DOI:10.1002/asna.201111621 · 0.92 Impact Factor