Eight new T4.5–T7.5 dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey Data Release 1★

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.52). 08/2007; 379(4):1423 - 1430. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12023.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present eight new T4.5–T7.5 dwarfs identified in the UKIRT (United Kingdom Infrared Telescope) Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Large Area Survey (LAS) Data Release 1 (DR1). In addition we have recovered the T4.5 dwarf SDSS J020742.91+000056.2 and the T8.5 dwarf ULAS J003402.77−005206.7. Photometric candidates were picked up in two-colour diagrams over 190 deg2 (DR1) and selected in at least two filters. All candidates exhibit near-infrared spectra with strong methane and water absorption bands characteristic of T dwarfs and the derived spectral types follow the unified scheme of Burgasser et al.. We have found six new T4.5–T5.5 dwarfs, one T7 dwarf, one T7.5 dwarf and recovered a T4.5 dwarf and a T8.5 dwarf. We provide distance estimates which lie in the 15–85 pc range; the T7.5 and T8.5 dwarfs are probably within 25 pc of the Sun. We conclude with a discussion of the number of T dwarfs expected after completion of the LAS, comparing these initial results to theoretical simulations.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Benchmark brown dwarfs are those objects for which fiducial constraints are available, including effective temperature, parallax, age, metallicity. We searched for new cool brown dwarfs in 186 sq.deg. of the new area covered by the data release DR5+ of the UKIDSS Large Area Survey. Follow-up optical and near-infrared broad-band photometry, and methane imaging of four promising candidates, revealed three objects with distinct methane absorption, typical of mid- to late-T dwarfs, and one possibly T4 dwarf. The latest-type object, classified as T8-9, shares its large proper motion with Ross 458 (BD+13o2618), an active M0.5 binary which is 102" away, forming a hierarchical low-mass star+brown dwarf system. Ross 458C has an absolute J-band magnitude of 16.4, and seems overluminous, particularly in the K band, compared to similar field brown dwarfs. We estimate the age of the system to be less than 1 Gyr, and its mass to be as low as 14 Jupiter masses for the age of 1 Gyr. At 11.4 pc, this new late T benchmark dwarf is a promising target to constrain the evolutionary and atmospheric models of very low-mass brown dwarfs. We present proper motion measurements for our targets and for 13 known brown dwarfs. Two brown dwarfs have velocities typical of the thick disk and may be old brown dwarfs. Comment: 15 pages, 10 figures and 6 tables. Accepted by MNRAS. Uses mn2e.cls and aas_macro
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 02/2010; · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of 47 new T dwarfs in the Fourth Data Release (DR4) from the Large Area Survey (LAS) of the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) Infrared Deep Sky Survey with spectral types ranging from T0 to T8.5. These bring the total sample of LAS T dwarfs to 80 as of DR4. In assigning spectral types to our objects we have identified eight new spectrally peculiar objects, and divide seven of them into two classes. H2O-H-early have a H2O-H index that differs with the H2O-J index by at least two subtypes. CH4-J-early have a CH4-J index that disagrees with the H20-J index by at least two subtypes. We have ruled out binarity as a sole explanation for both types of peculiarity, and suggest that they may represent hitherto unrecognized tracers of composition and/or gravity. Clear trends in z'(AB) - J and Y - J are apparent for our sample, consistent with weakening absorption in the red wing of the KI line at 0.77mum with decreasing effective temperature. We have used our sample to estimate space densities for T6-T9 dwarfs. By comparing our sample to Monte Carlo simulations of field T dwarfs for various mass functions of the form psi(M) ~M-alphapc-3M-1solar, we have placed weak constraints on the form of the field mass function. Our analysis suggests that the substellar mass function is declining at lower masses, with negative values of alpha preferred. This is at odds with results for young clusters that have been generally found to have alpha > 0.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 01/2010; 406:1885-1906. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of a very cool d/sdL7+T7.5p common proper motion binary system, SDSS J1416+13AB, found by cross-matching the UKIDSS Large Area Survey Data Release 5 against the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7. The d/sdL7 is blue in J-H and H-K and has other features suggestive of low-metallicity and/or high gravity. The T7.5p displays spectral peculiarity seen before in earlier type dwarfs discovered in UKIDSS LAS DR4, and referred to as CH4-J-early peculiarity. We suggest that CH4-J-early peculiarity arises from low-metallicity and/or high-gravity, and speculate as to its use for classifying T dwarfs. UKIDSS and follow-up UKIRT/WFCAM photometry shows the T dwarf to have the bluest near infrared colours yet seen for such an object with H-K = -1.31+/-0.17. Warm Spitzer IRAC photometry shows the T dwarf to have extremely red H-[4.5] = 4.86+/-0.04, which is the reddest yet seen for a substellar object. The lack of parallax measurement for the pair limits our ability to estimate parameters for the system. However, applying a conservative distance estimate of 5-15 pc suggests a projected separation in range 45-135 AU. By comparing H-K:H-[4.5] colours of the T dwarf to spectral models we estimate that Teff = 500 K and [M/H]~-0.30, with log g ~ 5.0. This suggests a mass of ~30 MJupiter for the T dwarf and an age of ~10 Gyr for the system. The primary would then be a 75MJupiter object with log g ~ 5.5 and a relatively dust-free Teff ~ 1500K atmosphere. Given the unusual properties of the system we caution that these estimates are uncertain. We eagerly await parallax measurements and high-resolution imaging which will constrain the parameters further. Comment: 11 pages, 7 figures. MNRAS accepted
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 01/2010; · 5.52 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014