Personal fables, narcissism, and adolescent adjustment

Psychology in the Schools (Impact Factor: 0.72). 03/2006; 43(4):481 - 491. DOI: 10.1002/pits.20162

ABSTRACT The relationship among three personal fables (omnipotence, invulnerability, personal uniqueness), narcissism, and mental health variables was assessed in a large, cross-sectional sample of adolescents drawn from Grades 6 (n = 94), 8 (n = 223), 10 (n = 142), and 12 (n = 102). Participants responded to the New Personal Fable Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, the Children's Depression Inventory, three indices of suicidal ideation, an inventory of delinquent risk behaviors, the Global Self-Worth scales from the Self-Perception Profiles for Children and for Adolescents, and two subscales from the Self-Image Questionnaire for Young Adolescents. The results showed that omnipotence and narcissism strongly counterindicated internalizing symptomatology, and were robust predictors of positive mental health and adjustment. Invulnerability was strongly associated with risk behaviors. Personal uniqueness was strongly associated with depression and suicidal ideation, a relationship that increased with age. Hence, personal fable ideation is a multidimensional construct with differential implications for adolescent mental health. Adolescent fables of invulnerability and personal uniqueness are risk factors for externalizing and internalizing symptoms, respectively, while “narcissistic omnipotence” is associated with competence. Implications for theory, practice, and future research are discussed. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Psychol Schs 43: 481–491, 2006.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although contemporary adolescents are commonly described as “egocentric” and “self-centered”, there is a severe lack of validated Chinese measures of adolescent egocentrism. Based on a thorough literature review, the 14-item Chinese Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (CAES) was developed and administered to 1658 Chinese secondary school students. Factor analyses showed that two factors were intrinsic to the scale and the related subscales as well as the overall scale had high internal consistency. Consistent with expectations, CAES scores were significantly related to measures of morality, egocentrism, spirituality, and empathy. Analyses of the responses to the CAES items revealed that a significant proportion of respondents showed self-centered characteristics.
    International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 05/2014; 13(2):297-307.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relationship between subjective invulnerability and optimism bias in risk appraisal, and their comparative association with indices of risk activity, substance use and college adjustment problems was assessed in a sample of 350 (M (age) = 20.17; 73% female; 93% White/European American) emerging adults. Subjective invulnerability was measured with the newly devised adolescent invulnerability scale (AIS). Optimism bias in decision-making was assessed with a standard comparative-conditional risk appraisal task. Results showed that the danger- and psychological invulnerability subscales of the AIS demonstrated strong internal consistency and evidence of predictive validity. Subjective invulnerability and optimism bias were also shown to be empirically distinct constructs with differential ability to predict risk and adjustment. Danger invulnerability and psychological invulnerability were more pervasively associated with risk behavior than was optimism bias; and psychological invulnerability counter-indicated depression, self-esteem and interpersonal problems. Results support recent claims regarding the "two faces" of adolescent invulnerability. Implications for future research are drawn.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 08/2010; 39(8):847-57. · 2.72 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 28, 2014